Urinary Tract Infections And The Role Of Nonprescription Products
W. Steven Pray, PhD, DPhBernhardt Professor, Nonprescription Products and DevicesCollege of Pharmacy
Gabriel E. Pray, PharmD CandidateCollege of PharmacyWeatherford, Oklahoma
For years, patients with urinary tract infections have asked pharmacists what they can take without seeing a physician.Several products promise relief of UTI symptoms and/or claim to have anantibacterial effect that inhibits progression of the infection, butthey are not proven safe and effective for any nonprescription use atpresent.
Bladder Incontinence In Women
Bladder incontinence is more common in women than in men. Other than the possible causes listed above, some things that may increase risk of bladder incontinence in women are:
- Changes to urinary or vaginal tissue from hormone therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy
- Hormonal changes from menopause
- Pelvic prolapse â the bladder, uterus, and or rectum may slip backward or downward into the vaginal canal because of weak pelvic wall muscles
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How Should This Medicine Be Used
Phenazopyridine comes as a tablet or capsule to take by mouth. It usually is taken three times a day after meals. Do not chew or crush the tablets as it may cause your teeth to become stained swallow them whole with a full glass of water. You may stop taking this drug when pain and discomfort completely disappear. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take phenazopyridine exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.
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What Is A Vaginal Microbiome
We hear the term, microbiota, tossed around most frequently in conversations about gut health. But taking probiotics for vaginal health for a balanced vaginal microbiota is another factor in a womans health. And taking probiotics during pregnancy can be incredibly beneficial. A vaginal microbiota is the community of different bacteria cohabitating in the vagina.* When in balance, the diverse community dominated by Lactobacillus maintains a low, acidic pH protecting against infection, yeast, and viruses.1 Essentially, its your own personal built-in defense system.
Taking probiotics during pregnancy can be incredibly beneficial.
Unfortunately, any number of things from sex to stresseven a round of antibioticscan disturb the natural balance and bring with it some unpleasant side effects. Overproduction of candida, a species of yeast, or bacteria, can cause an imbalance that can land you back in the doctors office. You get the picture.
Can Azo Urinary Tract Defense Get Rid Of A Uti
No, AZO Urinary Tract Defense does not cure a urinary tract infection. Its purpose is to keep you comfortable and to control the infection until you can see your primary care provider. Your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic medication capable of eliminating the bacteria responsible for the infection.
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What Are The Ingredients In Azo Bladder Control And What Do They Do
AZO Bladder Control® contains Go-Less®, a naturally sourced ingredient blend with soy germ and pumpkin seed extract, that helps optimize bladder function during the day and night.*
- Pumpkin seed extract: helps with urinary control by toning the bladder muscles. Pumpkin seed extract helps maintain the strength of the detrusor and sphincter muscles to promote normal function.*
- Soy germ : supports healthy control by sustaining the bladder muscle and pelvic floor.*
How Azo Urinary Tract Defense Controls Your Uti
The material provided below is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to replace the diagnosis or treatment by a qualified healthcare professional. You should always seek medical advice before consuming any new medicines or supplements. AZO products referenced on this website are not intended to treat, cure, or prevent any disease such as overactive bladder, urinary tract infections, or vaginal infections.
Teamworkworking together towards a common goal. In defense against UTIs, Im on your team! And Ive got two MVPs I want you to meetMethenamine and Sodium Salicylate. Unusual names, sure but together they pack a one-two punch thats critical in helping you manage your UTI.
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How Much Azo Bladder Control & Weight Management Should I Take And Why Do I Take More In The First Two Weeks
It is recommended for the first two weeks to take one capsule three times a day morning, noon, and night. After two weeks, only one capsule twice a day, morning and night, is required. This recommended delivery comes from the clinical studies indicating that a larger serving of Go-LessÂ® in the first two weeks helps promote the desired results, and these benefits can be maintained with ongoing smaller amounts.
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Do I Need Antibiotics For Uti
In most cases, antibiotics are needed to treat a UTI. Antibiotics kill the bacteria causing the infection, and help your symptoms go away in 1 to 2 days. In fact, because UTIs are so common, they account for up to 20% of all antibiotic prescriptions in the U.S. second only to respiratory infections.
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What Are Urinary Tract Infection Risk Factors
There are many risk factors for UTIs. In general, any interruption or impedance of the usual flow of urine is a risk factor for a UTI. For example, kidney stones, urethral strictures, an enlarged prostate, or any anatomical abnormalities in the urinary tract increases infection risk. This is due in part to the flushing or washout effect of flowing urine in effect, the pathogens have to go against flow because the majority of pathogens enter through the urethra and have to go retrograde to reach the bladder, ureters, and eventually the kidneys. Many investigators suggest that women are far more susceptible than men to UTIs because their urethra is short and its exit is close to the anus and vagina, which can be sources of pathogens.
People who require catheters have an increased risk as the catheter has none of the protective immune systems to eliminate bacteria and offers a direct connection to the bladder. Catheters that are designed to reduce the incidence of catheter-related infections are available , but are not used by many clinicians because of short-termed effectiveness, cost, and concern about antibiotic resistancedevelopment in bacteria.
Is It Safe To Have Azo During Pregnancy
Surgery during your first trimester puts you at higher risk for miscarriage. AZO is pregnancy category B according to the FDA which means it is theoretically safe during pregnancy. You definitely need to get the UTI cleared up with some antibiotics thoughthey are extra risky during pregnancy and can become kidney infections much more easily.
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Does Azo Cure Uti
Before you go to the doctor to get treatment for a urinary tract infection, you can take an over-the-counter medicine, known as AZO Urinary Pain Relief or AZO Urinary Pain Relief Maximum Strength. You can take these tablets for about 2 days to cure the painful symptoms of the UTI. But, make sure you tell your doctor if you are having this medication. You can take AZO Cranberry tablets once your UTI is cured in order to maintain the health of the urinary tract.
Manufacturer Information And Claims About Azo Urinary Tract Health
The company which made the product is known as AZO Products and it is a reliable, over the counter company with a lot of products.
It is one which is specialized in the production of UTI preventive products which is quite convenient.
The product itself makes a few serious claims. It is intended to provide you with substantial urinary tract pressure relief and to help you get through potential infections, irritations or inflammations. Lets see if thats true.
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What Is This Medicine
PHENAZOPYRIDINE is a pain reliever. It is used to stop the pain, burning, or discomfort caused by infection or irritation of the urinary tract. This medicine is not an antibiotic. It will not cure a urinary tract infection.
This medicine may be used for other purposes ask your health care provider or pharmacist if you have questions.
COMMON BRAND NAME: AZO, Azo-100, Azo-Gesic, Azo-Septic, Azo-Standard, Phenazo, Prodium, Pyridium, Urinary Analgesic, Uristat, Uristat Ultra
Can Azo Cure Urinary Tract Infection
1. Aconitum apellus
This remedy is useful when there is a feeling of anxiousness both before and while urinating. It is also good for UTI burning relief.
If there is a frequent feeling of urination along with cramps in the area of the bladder, accompanied by very small amount of coloured urine, this remedy is helpful.
3. Apis mellifica
This remedy can be taken if there is frequent urge to urinate along with a burning sensation and soreness in the abdominal area.
This remedy is helpful to treat the acute cystisis accompanied with pain in the bladder as well as urinary opening.
5. Chimaphila umbellata
If a person has to strain a lot in order to pass the urine, along with a scalding sensation, this remedy works well.
This remedy is quite useful for women if cystitis occurs due to the sexual activity. This condition may be accompanied by a feeling of pressure in the bladder even after urinating.
Apart from these, you can try some other homeopathic treatments, like berberis vulgaris, cantharis, clematis, lycopodium, equisetum, nux vomica, sepia and sarsaparilla.
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Testing For And Treating Gbs In Pregnancy
GBS is one reason why urine tests are a regular part of prenatal care. When bacteriuria shows up on a routine urine test, a urine culture can determine if GBS is the cause. If it is, the UTI should be treated with antibiotics before it progresses to a life-threatening infection.
While the GBS bacteria can infect the urinary tract, these bacteria are more common in the gastrointestinal tract and vagina. During the last weeks of pregnancy, everyone is tested for GBS with a swab inside the vagina. When GBS is found there, antibiotics are automatically given to the parent during delivery to keep the baby from catching GBS.
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Before Taking This Medicine
You should not use AZO Urinary Pain Relief if you are allergic to it, or if you have kidney disease.
To make sure AZO Urinary Pain Relief is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
a genetic enzyme deficiency called glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.
FDA pregnancy category B. AZO Urinary Pain Relief is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Do not use AZO Urinary Pain Relief without a doctor’s advice if you are pregnant.
It is not known whether phenazopyridine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medicine without a doctor’s advice if you are breast-feeding a baby.
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How To Take Azo Urinary Tract Defense
Use Azo Urinary Tract Defense exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.
Use the lowest dose that is effective in treating your condition.
Take this medicine with a full glass of water.
Drink plenty of water each day.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.
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The Best Bladder Control Supplements For 2022
All bladder control and UTI supplements claim to work as they advertise. However, many cannot live up to their claim. After hundreds of hours of research, our editorial team ranked the best UTI and bladder control supplements for 2022 & beyond. Here are our rankings:
- Nuzena D-Mannose Natural Defense +
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Related Faq For How Long Does It Take To Get A Uti From Holding Pee
How can UTI be prevented?
How do you know if your bladder has burst?
In most cases, patients with bladder rupture have gross hematuria . Other symptoms of bladder rupture include pelvic pain, lower abdominal pain, and difficulty voiding. It is important to note that trauma to the urinary tract is frequently associated with other traumatic injuries.
Can you get a UTI from stress?
Commonly known as UTI, urinary tract infections can be induced by stress. Feeling highly stressed is not the direct cause, but it leads to high levels of cortisol, which reduce the effect of the immune system.
What causes frequent UTI in females?
Why some women get recurrent UTIs
The infections are usually caused by Escherichia coli, a bacterium that lives in the intestinal system. If E. coli are carried from the rectum to the vagina, they can enter the urethra and infect the bladder.
What do I do if I feel a UTI coming on?
If you do feel a UTI coming on, play it smart and get help fast! UTI symptoms include a more frequent urge to pee, burning while you pee and cloudy, strong smelling and even bloody pee. You should see a doctor as soon as possible but in the meantime, dont panic!
Can AZO get rid of UTI?
Can you get a UTI from fingers?
How common are UTIs in females?
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Our Uti Treatment With Methenamine Slows Uti Symptom Progression And Eases Patient Pain
To help keep a urinary tract infection from progressing until your patient can get to your office, AZO Urinary Tract DefenseTM contains methenamine to help slow the progression and sodium salicylate to help with general pain.
- Methenamine is an antibacterial agent which in the urine is converted to formaldehyde, an antiseptic. In the bladder, these agents target undesirable bacterial growth associated with urinary tract infections.1
- Sodium salicylate, an analgesic, helps with discomfort associated with a UTI through its anti-inflammatory activity.1
AZO Urinary Tract DefenseTM helps target the causative agent of a UTI and simultaneously provides general pain relief.
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Potential Misuse Of Nonprescription Uti Products
The danger of carcinogenicity with phenazopyridineapparently remains open. However, the FDA and the manufacturersoverlooked a far more likely scenario that could cause patient harm. If awoman has a UTI, she should make an appointment with a physician toreceive the appropriate antibacterial/antimicrobial prescription. If sheunwisely chooses to take an OTC product as her sole treatment, she mayexperience relief of discomfort and assume that she does not need to seea doctor. By doing so, she avoids the trouble of providing a urinespecimen and saves the associated costs of a physician office visit. Should she fail toobtain a prescription, her UTI may continue, worsening as the days passwithout effective treatment.
Manufacturers responsibly urge purchasers on productlabels to obtain a diagnosis and use the product only for relief whilethey are waiting to see their physicians or for the prescription tobegin to work. The labels also warn against use for more than 2 days.Despite the presence of these warnings, research conducted by theNational Council on Patient Information and Education confirmed thatpurchasers often disregard package labels.9 In this case, disregarding the label could lead to permanent kidney damage.6 Thus, the advice and assistance of the pharmacist is crucial when consumers request these products.
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Can Home Remedies Quickly Treat A Uti
As resistance to antibiotics is becoming more common, many people are looking for ways to avoid using them. While this can be a good thing in some cases, it can draw out your illness in other instances.
The most commonly asked about home remedy for UTIs is cranberry. Drinking cranberry juice or taking cranberry tablets has been long-touted as a natural alternative for treating UTIs. The thought is that cranberry makes your urine more acidic which, in turn, kills the bacteria causing your infection.
Unfortunately, cranberry does not treat UTIs very well. On the flip side, though, it can be useful for helping to prevent infections if youre prone to them. This seems to also be the case for other acidic fruits like lemon. Just be sure if youre going to try this for preventing future UTIs that you drink unsweetened juice, as sugar actually helps bacteria to grow.
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