What Causes A Bladder Infection
Most often a bladder infection is caused by bacteria that are normally found in the bowel. The bladder has several systems to prevent infection. For example, urinating most often flushes out bacteria before it reaches the bladder. Sometimes, your childs body cant fight the bacteria and the bacteria cause an infection. Certain health conditions can put children at risk for bladder infections.
You Can Get Help Without Going To A Doctors Office
In the past, receiving treatment for a UTI required scheduling an office visit and suffering through your symptoms until you can see a doctor. Now, telemedicine services like MDLIVE allow you can talk to a doctor via phone or videowherever you arein an average of 10 minutes or less. And if you need a prescription, you can have it in your hands that same day.
When it comes to UTIs, there are tests a doctor can run a urinalysis and culture, which can get quite expensive. However, if youre a healthy female between the ages of 18 and 65 with the symptoms of a UTI and without any complications, these tests most likely arent going to change the initial treatment a doctor prescribes, says Dr. Talbott.
If your doctor sees anything complicated in your symptoms, it does make sense to do a urinalysis and possibly other laboratory tests. But in a majority of cases, its reasonable to initiate treatment and forgo the cost and inconvenience of testing, and delay in treatment, because most of the time it wont change the antibiotic thats prescribed.
This makes telemedicine a more convenient and inexpensive way to get the treatment you need to minimize your discomfort and start feeling better, faster.*
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Reflux: A State Of Flux
Historical approaches assumed VUR could lead to significant long-term renal damage, therefore should be identified early. There is now increasing awareness that much of the renal disease based on reflux is congenital, with an appreciation of mild hydronephrosis and VUR as likely normal physiological states that resolve spontaneously. Given that lower grade reflux is unlikely to cause clinically significant scarring, and mild scarring without other risk factors is unlikely to cause long-term renal dysfunction, aggressive identification of all VUR is unwarranted. Active management strategies should still be considered for higher grade VUR .
Five-year-old girl with unilateral grade 4 vesicouretric reflux on voiding cystourethrogram. Image courtesy of Dr Aditya Shetty, Radiopaedia.org, rID: 2722.
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How Long Does It Take For A Uti To Go Away Without Antibiotics
Think you might have a UTI but really dont want to call your doctor to talk about it? We get it. UTIs can be uncomfortable to discuss, and who wants to take the time to go into a doctors office?
Know that what youre experiencing is totally common and normal. More than half of women experience a UTI in their lifetime. That means your doctor has seen a lot of patients in your situation. And if you dont consult with a professional, you risk sometimes serious complications.
The most straightforward method for treating a UTI is a course of prescribed antibiotics. But if youve done any Googling , you may wonder how long it takes for a UTI to go away without antibiotics or what to do if antibiotics dont work. Will you have to suffer for weeks or even months?
Dont panic! Were here to help. Lets take a closer look at how long it takes for a UTI to go away without antibiotics.
Whats Causes Uti In Children
Bacteria enters the urethra and creeps upward into the bladder to spur a UTI. For children, bacteria can get there a few different ways:
- Lingering in wet underwear
- Wiping from back to front
- Holding urine too long
- Not drinking enough fluids, which can make it so your child isnt producing enough urine to flush away bacteria, per Boston Children’s Hospital
- Frequent bouts of diarrhea
- Severe constipation can also hinder a child from normally passing urine
At the same time, some children can have a predisposition to UTI, putting them at a greater risk for infection. In young children, these factors include:
- Vesicoureteral Reflux This is condition where the urine flows backward from the bladder toward the kidneys, due to a birth defect. Between 30 and 50 percent of children diagnosed with a UTI have VUR, according to Kids Health.
- Other Malformations and Obstructions of the Urinary Tract These can include an abdominal mass, enlarged kidneys, an atypical opening to the urethra, and lower spine deformities.
- Urinary Catheter Use
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How Can You Prevent Utis In The Future
Change your baby’s diapers often to prevent bacteria from growing. As your child gets older, teach them good bathroom habits to prevent UTIs. Instruct girls to wipe from front to back. This helps to prevent bacteria in poop from getting into the and urinary tract. Encourage your kids to go to the bathroom as soon as they feel the urge — not to hold it in.
Girls should avoid bubble baths and should not use perfumed soaps. And, they should wear cotton underwear — not nylon — to improve airflow and prevent bacteria from growing.
Have your kids drink lots of water, which helps flush bacteria out of the urinary tract. Extra water also prevents constipation, which can create blockages in the urinary tract that allow bacteria to grow.
What Are Signs And Symptoms Of Uti In Children
UTI in toddlers doesnt show in the same way as UTI in infants or in older kids. For instance, babies who are between 2 and 24 month usually have fairly nonspecific UTI symptoms, like fever or unusual sleepiness, says Rachel H. Kowalsky, MD, assistant professor of clinical emergency medicine and clinical pediatrics at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City. Whereas bigger kids can tell their parents that theyre having pain while urinating. Heres what to look for in each age group:
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Treatment For Urinary Tract Infections
Babies under 3 months usually need to have antibiotics directly into a vein through a drip to treat a urinary tract infection . This means they need to be treated in hospital.
Babies older than 3 months can usually be treated at home with oral antibiotics.
Your doctor will check your childs urine again after treatment to make sure the infection has cleared up.
If there are any concerns about how your childs urinary tract is working, your doctor might refer your child to a specialist for further advice and treatment.
If your baby needs hospital treatment for a UTI, it can be quite upsetting. It might help to know that most babies get over UTIs quickly and dont need ongoing treatment.
When Should I Contact My Childs Healthcare Provider
Urinary tract infections need to be taken care of right away. Call a healthcare provider if your child:
- Shows a decrease in feeding or drinking.
- Isnt tolerating home medications.
- Experiences an increase in fever or pain.
- Becomes more irritable or inactive.
- Has any signs or symptoms that worry you.
Quickly getting treatment for your childs UTI decreases the risk of kidney problems and the risk that the infection could spread.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Although a urinary tract infection isnt a life-threatening condition, it may result in a hospital stay or lead to complications that can affect your childs quality of life. Be sure to have them checked out by their healthcare provider as soon as they show symptoms. Always make sure that your child takes all of their prescribed medication. Even if they seem better, you should still have them take the medication until the treatment is complete.
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Uti Prevention And Treatment
Active UTIs are treated with antibiotics for 3-10 days, depending on the severity. Some children need to stayon a low, prophylactic dose of antibiotics for a short while to break the cycle of frequently recurring infections.
Children with voiding dysfunction may require medicines to relax their bladder or medicines to relax their bladder neck . Brenner Childrens recommends all children with recurrent infections should be placed on a timed scheduleof emptying their bladder every 2 hours while awake.
If there is a congenital, anatomic abnormality causing the infections, then this anomaly can often be repaired with surgery.
Avoiding Things That May Irritate Your Child’s Bottom
Try to avoid anything that may cause irritation to your child’s bottom:
- avoid giving your child bubble baths, especially if they have sensitive skin
- wash your child’s hair in the shower rather than in the bath so they don’t sit in soapy water
- check for threadworms, which are very common in children, and consider treating your child every 6 months
- encourage girls to wear cotton underwear
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How Is A Urinary Tract Infection Diagnosed How Do Healthcare Providers Test For A Uti In Toddlers
After interviewing you about your childs history and performing a physical examination, the healthcare provider may order the following tests:
- Urine tests like the leukocyte esterase and a urine culture to test for the presence of bacteria or white blood cells.
- Blood tests looking for infection or kidney function.
- Ultrasound or CT of the kidneys and bladder.
- Voiding cystourethrogram , which evaluates the bladder and urethra to detect vesicoureteral reflux .
How To Cure A Bladder Or Kidney Infection
- Treatment Antibiotics for kidney infections. Antibiotics are the first line of treatment for kidney infections. Which drugs you use and for how long depend on your health and the bacteria found in your urine tests. Usually, the signs and symptoms of a kidney â¦
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Key Points To Remember About Urinary Tract Infections
- a urinary tract infection is an infection in the urine
- UTIs are common in children
- UTIs can cause children to have high temperatures and become unwell
- sometimes UTIs can make children seriously ill, especially babies and young children – see your doctor or after-hours medical centre urgently if that happens
- babies under 12 months need investigation after a UTI to see if there is anything wrong with their urinary tract
How Is A Uti In Children Treated
A UTI in children is commonly treated using antibiotics. The doctor will send your child’s urine sample to the lab, but analysis may take a couple of days. In the meantime, he or she will prescribe your child an antibiotic that treats the most common bacteria that cause UTIs. If your child’s urine culture identifies bacteria that may be causing symptoms, but is not treated by that antibiotic, the doctor may prescribe a new antibiotic.
Be sure to give your child the antibiotic in the prescribed dosage at the prescribed times each day. Your child must finish the full antibiotic course to ensure the infection doesn’t return. You should also encourage your child to drink plenty of water.
With proper treatment of a UTI in children, they should feel better in two to three days. Your doctor may need to perform further tests if your child has repeated infections. It is important to treat your child’s UTI promptly because untreated infections can cause kidney damage or, in rare cases, a bacterial infection of the bloodstream known as .
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Make A Pediatrician Appointment
Bladder infections must be diagnosed by your childs doctor using a sample of urine. Obtaining a sample can be difficult with a child who already doesnt want to pee because it hurts. Babies and young toddlers may require brief catheterization to retrieve a sample. Stress to your daughter that the doctor will be able to give her medicine to help her feel better. In most cases, your child will require antibiotics to clear up a UTI. You should avoid giving your daughter cranberry juice or other sugary drinks if shes already experiencing symptoms. While cranberry is a good preventative, it will cause pain and irritation in an already-infected urinary tract.
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Treatment Of Uti In Children
Your childs UTI will require prompt antibiotic treatment to prevent kidney damage. The type of bacteria causing your childs UTI and the severity of your childs infection will determine the type of antibiotic used and the length of treatment.
The most common antibiotics used for treatment of UTIs in children are:
If your child has a UTI thats diagnosed as a simple bladder infection, its likely that treatment will consist of oral antibiotics at home. However, more severe infections may require hospitalization and IV fluids or antibiotics.
Hospitalization may be necessary in cases where your child:
- is younger than 6 months old
- has a high fever that isnt improving
- likely has a kidney infection, especially if the child is very ill or young
- has a blood infection from the bacteria, as in sepsis
- is dehydrated, vomiting, or unable to take oral medications for any other reason
Pain medication to alleviate severe discomfort during urination also may be prescribed.
If your child is receiving antibiotic treatment at home, you can help ensure a positive outcome by taking certain steps.
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How Are Utis Diagnosed In Children
A urine sample is needed to check if your child has a UTI. Your childs doctor or nurse will guide you on how to do this.
Once collected, your childs urine sample is usually first tested by dipping a special paper strip into the urine to check for a colour change that can indicate an infection. The doctor may also send the urine sample to a laboratory to check which bacteria are causing the infection and which antibiotic will be most effective against your childs UTI. These results may take up to 48 hours to return. Sometimes your child will need an ultrasound to check for any problems with the bladder or kidneys.
What Are The Symptoms Of A Uti In A Child
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child.
Symptoms in babies can include:
Symptoms in children can include:
- Sudden need to urinate
- Loss of control of urine
- Pain while urinating
- Pain above the pubic bone
- Blood in the urine
- Pain in the back or side below the ribs
The symptoms of a UTI can seem like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
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Learn How To Prevent Bladder Infections
Bacteria from bowel movements is the most common cause of a UTI in girls. The most effective way to prevent the spread of bacteria is to teach good toilet habits, including washing well and wiping from front to back. Encourage your daughter to use the bathroom regularly. Holding urine too long can also lead to a UTI. Avoid using bubble bath in your daughters bath. The chemicals and fragrances can irritate her delicate skin. Encourage her to wear cotton underwear and to change out of wet bathing suits and nylon workout clothes promptly. Ask your childs pediatrician if a cranberry extract is safe for her age.
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Sex May Cause Utis But Its Not The Only Culprit
But there are other pre-existing conditions, activities, and products that can lead to a UTI. Some of the most common causes include:
- Drinking enough water, especially during hot summer months, can make the difference between flushing out the bacteria that can cause a UTI or not.
- If you hold your urine for 6 hours or more, you could be putting yourself at greater risk for bacteria overgrowing in the bladder.
- Constipation or Diarrhea Its often difficult to empty your bladder completely when youre constipated, which means bacteria have time to grow and cause an infection. Conversely, bacteria from loose stool thats excreted can also easily make its way into your urethra.
- Because they can block your urinary tract and hold urine in, kidney stones give bacteria time to grow and can lead to a UTI.
- For some people with uncontrolled diabetes, the bladder doesnt empty as well as it should and can become a breeding ground for bacteria. In addition, high blood glucose levels can increase the odds of a UTI.
- Since bacteria are more prone to grow in moist environments, its important to make sure you change your pad or tampon frequently when you have your period.
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Uti Symptoms Return Repeatedly Can It Be Something Else
Repeated presentation of typical UTI symptoms could the be the sign of a more serious condition canine bladder cancer . Often, a positive diagnosis of TCC/UC will be found after rounds of antibiotics to treat symptoms do not fully resolve. The dog may then be evaluated for the presence of a tumor, usually via urine cytology, abdominal ultrasound, and/or cystoscopy. These procedures are expensive, invasive and take additional time, which allows for the mass to continue to grow and spread within the bladder and potentially beyond.
Diagnosis is now easier with the free-catch urine analysis test: CADET BRAF Mutation Detection Assay. The CADET BRAF Mutation Detection Assay is a non-invasive, free-catch urine analysis test that can detect canine bladder cancer months before symptoms present, allowing for the earliest therapeutic intervention.
Note: The information in this article is meant to inform you about urinary tract infections in dogs and is not meant to take the place of a veterinary diagnosis. If you have questions about your dogs health or possible symptoms, contact your veterinarian right away.