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Can A Male Have A Urinary Tract Infection

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Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Signs & Symptoms (& Why They Occur)

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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract Infection symptoms can vary, and a person with a urinary tract infection may not show any signs. But, many people find the discomfort and pain associated with Urinary tract infection symptoms. In addition to a strong, continuous urge to urinate, common signs include:

  • Discomfort or burning while urinating
  • Passing only a small amount of urine
  • Cloudy, stench-filled urine
  • Red or pink-tinged urine indicates blood in the urine
  • Usually seen in men, urethral discharge appears like mucus or pus

The signs and symptoms of a urinary infection that spread to the kidneys include fever, chills, shaking, and pain in the upper back, side, or groin.

Urinary Tract Infections in Men: Most urinary tract infections affect women, but men can also be affected by them. It is believed that older men have a greater chance of developing one.

Urinary Tract Infections in Children: Children’s symptoms are different from adults’ symptoms. In children, urinary tract infections are very common. Often include an anatomical abnormality. In other cases, the illness is brought on by introducing bacteria into the urinary systemchildren’s UTIsusually peak between infancy and ages 2 and 4, when potty training begins. While very young children’s UTIs.

How Is Urinary Tract Infection In Men Treated

The treatment of Urinary Tract Infection in Men depends on many factors including the:

  • Location of infection
  • Species of bacteria causing the infection

Common treatments for UTIs in Men include:

  • Oral or IV antibiotics to specifically target the bacteria causing the infection, such as ampicillin, amoxicillin, and ciprofloxacin
  • Surgery to repair twisting of the epididymis, if necessary
  • Surgery to repair damaged portions of the kidneys: Congenital or acquired conditions of the kidney can cause abnormal kidney structure that can lead to increased risk for developing infection

Some infections are known to be self-limiting and get better without any treatment.

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How Is Urinary Tract Infection In Men Diagnosed

Diagnostic methods that a physician may use to help diagnose Urinary Tract Infections in Men include:

  • A complete physical examination with a detailed medical and surgical history
  • Rectal examinations to evaluate the state of the prostate
  • Laboratory testing through tests such as:
  • Urine analysis, such as a dipstick test
  • Urine cultures to detect the pathogen causing the infection
  • Intravenous pyelogram , which is a series of x-rays using contrast dyes to detect abnormalities in the urinary tract
  • Ultrasonography to detect kidney stones
  • Many clinical conditions may have similar signs and symptoms. Your healthcare provider may perform additional tests to rule out other clinical conditions to arrive at a definitive diagnosis.

    What Are The Risk Factors For Urinary Tract Infection In Men

    Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

    The risk factors for developing Urinary Tract Infections in Men include:

    • Age: Men over the age of 50 years are at an increased risk of developing UTI, generally due to enlargement of the prostate gland
    • Blockages in the urinary tract, such as caused by kidney stones, which impair the flow of urine
    • Uncircumcised males have a higher risk for UTI than circumcised males
    • Urinary bladder catheter placement can disrupt the normal flow of urine, which help wash away the microbes. A urinary bladder catheter is usually used for various medical conditions to facilitate urine outflow
    • Weakened immune system due to the use of certain medications or the presence of HIV
    • Having poorly-controlled diabetes
    • Congenital and acquired structural abnormalities of the kidney and urinary bladder

    It is important to note that having a risk factor does not mean that one will get the condition. A risk factor increases ones chances of getting a condition compared to an individual without the risk factors. Some risk factors are more important than others.

    Also, not having a risk factor does not mean that an individual will not get the condition. It is always important to discuss the effect of risk factors with your healthcare provider.

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    Urinary Tract Infection In Men

    Urinary Tract Infection is generally caused by a microbe, such as bacteria. Men are at a decreased risk of developing a UTI than women, because of the anatomical structure of the male urinary system. The infection can occur more frequently with increasing age, due to a blockage in the urinary tract, having a bladder catheter, or with a decreased immune system.

    How Does A Male Get A Urinary Tract Infection

    Urinary tract infections, bacterial in nature are quite common in men and cause a lot of discomforts. The infection can be anywhere in the urinary tract system which consists of urethra, ureters, bladder, and kidney. UTIs are more common in females as compared to males. But that does not mean males dont need to take precautionary measures or be aware of the causes of urinary tract infections.

    Read Also: How To Treat Urinary Tract Infection

    You Have Bacterial Vaginosis

    In addition to burning during urination, you may also experience itching, a gray, frothy discharge and a foul or fishy odor when you have bacterial vaginosis, Dr. Horton says.

    Fix it: See your doctor, who can prescribe oral antibiotics or a vaginal suppository, Dr. Horton says.

    If you have recurrent bouts of BV, try taking over-the-counter boric acid capsules and suppositories, which can help restore a normal vaginal pH, Dr. Horton says. Taking probiotics daily can also prevent vaginal infections like yeast and bacterial vaginosis, she adds.

    Treatment From A Gp For Utis That Keep Coming Back


    If your UTI comes back after treatment, you may have a urine test and be prescribed different antibiotics.

    Your doctor or nurse will also offer advice on how to prevent UTIs.

    If you keep getting UTIs and regularly need treatment, a GP may give you a repeat prescription for antibiotics.

    If you have been through the menopause, you may be offered a vaginal cream containing oestrogen.

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    What Is Prognosis Of Urinary Tract Infection In Men

    • In general, the prognosis for Urinary Tract Infections in Men is excellent, if treatment is begun immediately on onset of symptoms
    • UTI symptoms typically disappear after 48 hours, however if the infection is localized to the kidneys, it make take up to a week to become better
    • In some rare cases without proper treatment, UTI can spread, causing fatal kidney damage and blood infections
    • In some cases, the condition resolves on its own without any treatment

    What Is Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease

    Feline lower urinary tract disease describes a variety of conditions that affect the bladder and urethra of cats. Cats with FLUTD most often show signs of difficulty and pain when urinating, increased frequency of urination, and blood in the urine. Cats with FLUTD also tend to lick themselves excessively and may urinate outside the litter box, often on cool, smooth surfaces like a tile floor or a bathtub.

    While FLUTD can occur at any age, it is usually seen in middle-aged, overweight cats that get little exercise, use an indoor litter box, have little or no outdoor access, or eat a dry diet. Factors such as emotional or environment stress, multi-cat households, and abrupt changes in daily routine may also increase the risk that a cat will develop FLUTD.

    Major signs of feline lower urinary tract disease include:

    • Straining to urinate
    • Frequent and/or prolonged attempts to urinate
    • Crying out while urinating
    • Excessive licking of the genital area
    • Urinating outside the litter box
    • Blood in the urine

    Note that cats with a urethral obstruction will also show these signs but will pass little or no urine and become increasingly distressed. Urethral obstruction is seen more often in males than female cats due their longer, narrow urethra. A urethral obstruction is an emergency and requires immediate veterinary treatment.

    Recommended Reading: Pet Wellbeing Urinary Gold For Dogs

    Can Men Get Utis From Women

    Men can get UTIs from women during sex, by getting the bacteria from a woman with the infection. However, this is unlikely.

    Typically, the infection arises from bacteria that are already present in the mans body.

    A doctor can diagnose a UTI by carrying out a physical examination, taking a medical history, and through laboratory tests.

    Physical examination

    The doctor may perform a physical examination that includes:

    • checking the vital signs
    • checking the abdomen, bladder area, sides, and back for pain or swelling
    • examining the genitals

    Medical history

    The doctor may ask if the person has had other UTIs in the past, or a family history of UTIs.

    They may also question the person about their symptoms.

    Laboratory tests

    Laboratory tests are required to diagnose the infection as the symptoms of a UTI can be common to other diseases.

    A urine sample is usually needed to look for the presence of pus and the bacteria causing the infection.

    Men may be asked to give a urine sample. A man will need to start the urine stream to clean the urethra, and then collect a midstream sample in a cup. As bacteria multiply quickly at room temperature, this urine sample is either sent to the laboratory immediately or kept refrigerated until later.

    The doctor may also ask for a urine test strip, also known as a urine dipstick test. This is a quick test in which a plastic or paper ribbon is dipped into the urine sample and then removed. If the person has a UTI, the ribbon will turn a particular color.

    Usually A Man With Uti Faces The Following Common Symptoms:

    Pin on public health
    • Pain and burning sensation while passing urine
    • Sudden and frequent urges to pass the urine
    • Dark brown urine due to the presence of blood

    If the urinary infection becomes severe and reaches the kidneys or to the prostate gland, the person can face the below-mentioned symptoms as well.

    • Constant fatigue

    These are the severe symptoms of urinary tract infections.

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    How To Prevent Urinary Tract Infection In Men

    Most cases of urinary tract infections in men cannot be prevented. Having safe sex using a condom will help prevent sexually transmitted infections.

    In men with benign prostatic enlargement, reducing the use of caffeine and alcohol or taking certain prescription medications can help improve urine flow and prevent urine buildup in the bladder. Therefore, these measures reduce the possibility of infection.

    Many men with a urinary infection due to an enlarged prostate gland need surgery to remove part of the gland. This surgery can help prevent infections as it can improve urine flow.

    How Are Utis Diagnosed

    UTI is diagnosed by sending your urine off for a culture. This is when a sample of your urine is processed and evaluated for various strains of bacteria. The most common bacteria identified in urinary tract infections is E.coli. Once the culture is done, the results can guide treatment, which is usually oral antibiotics. There is a test called a urine analysis which can be done quickly in our office which can suggest an infection. However, the best test is an actual culture.

    Doctors do not wait for the culture results which can take one to three days to start treatment. If an infection is suspected, an antibiotic will be started immediately and then adjusted based on the culture results.

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    How Are Urinary Tract Infections Treated

    A urinary tract infection will require treatment. Antibiotics are drugs that fight infection by killing microorganisms. Urinary infections are normally treated with antibiotics. The medication chosen by your doctor will be the most effective against the specific bacteria causing your infection. Antibiotics that are commonly used include:

    • Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole

    It is important that you take medicine according to your doctor’s advice. Don’t stop taking antibiotics just because you feel better and your symptoms disappear. If the entire course of antibiotics is not used to treat the illness completely, it may reoccur.

    If you have a history of recurrent UTIs, your doctor could prescribe antibiotics for you to take as soon as your symptoms appear. To avoid the infection, doctors may prescribe antibiotics to other patients daily, every other day, or after sex. If you have a previous history of getting UTIs constantly, consult your doctor about the best urinary tract infection treatment plan for you.

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    How To Prevent Urinary Tract Infections In Men

    How to CURE urinary tract infection? (UTI) – Doctor explains

    Younger men cant do too much in terms of preventing a UTI, according to Trost. But older men can take a few steps to lower their risk. One of the best defense mechanisms against UTIs is to completely empty the bladder every time you urinate, says urologist Howard B. Goldman MD, professor and institute vice chairman for quality at the Glickman Urologic and Kidney Institute at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio.

    Its also important to drink lots of fluids, especially water, every day. If you already have a UTI, drinking plenty of fluids can help push the bacteria out of the urinary tract and in some very mild UTI cases, that could be enough to treat it. But if you notice any of the signs of a UTI, it’s still very important to head to your doctor for a diagnosis and treatment recommendation.

    Without proper UTI treatment, the infection can quickly spread and become a serious and sometimes even fatal threat. So don’t brush off symptoms like frequent urination or a burning sensation when you urinate, and don’t assume that you can’t get a UTI just because you’re a man. Its important that you get these symptoms checked out promptly, too.

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    Most Importantly See A Doctor When Symptoms Start

    UTIs may resolve on their own without any treatment, but most do not. An untreated UTI carries a higher risk of developing into a serious problem like a kidney infection. If symptoms of a UTI are experienced, see a healthcare professional or go to an urgent care. If signs of a kidney infection are noticed, go to an emergency room. Do not try to self-diagnose or self-treat. Only a healthcare professional can determine the exact problem and how best to treat it.

    What Is A Uti

    A UTI is an infection of the urinary tract, which can include the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. The infection is most commonly caused by the bacterium escherichia coli , which is naturally present in the body.

    The most common symptom of UTIs in men is urinary frequency, or experiencing a frequent urge to urinate. Some men may also experience a painful or burning sensation while urinating. Additional symptoms can also present depending on where your infection is located, and some men may experience no symptoms at all.

    Generally, doctors refer to two types of UTIs:

    • Upper tract: An upper tract infectionrefers to a UTI that is found in the ureters or has spread to the kidneys. A kidney infection can occur when bacteria have traveled upward in the urinary tract from the bladder to the kidney or because bacteria carried in the bloodstream have collected in the kidney. Symptoms of an upper tract UTI or kidney infection can include pain in the upper back or side, high fever, shaking and chills, nausea, or vomiting.

    Though its not always possible for a doctor to distinguish between a lower or upper tract infection, it can be helpful when determining the length of antibiotic treatment.

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    What Are The Early Signs Of A Uti

    The early signs of a UTI are usually pain or burning when urinating, frequent urination, urgency to urinate, discolored or cloudy urine, smelly urine, and pain or pressure somewhere on the sides or pelvic area. Depending on the bacteria, it usually takes a few days to a week for symptoms to appear. Once antibiotic treatment starts, symptoms should clear up in a few days. It may take longer for antibiotics to reduce symptoms if there is also a kidney infection.

    Other Ways To Prevent Some Utis Coming Back

    Urinary Tract Infection in men â symptoms, causes and treatment ...

    If you keep getting a bladder infection , theres some evidence it may be helpful to take:

    • D-mannose a sugar you can buy as a powder or tablets to take every day
    • cranberry products available as juice, tablets or capsules to take every day

    Speak to your doctor before taking any of these during pregnancy.

    Be aware that D-mannose and cranberry products can contain a lot of sugar.

    If youre taking warfarin, you should avoid cranberry products.

    Page last reviewed: 22 March 2022 Next review due: 22 March 2025

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