What Is A Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection is a bacterial infection in any part of your urinary tract. Your urinary tract is the interconnected system of organs that make and store urine. The sections of the urinary tract include:
- Kidneys: The organs that filter waste from your blood and convert the waste and water into urine.
- Bladder: A sac-like organ that stores urine before it leaves your body.
- Ureters: Thin tubes that carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder.
- Urethra: A tube that allows urine to leave your body. â
You can get an infection in any part of the urinary tract. The most common type of UTI is called cystitis, and it is an infection in the bladder. You can also have an infection in the urethra known as urethritis. An infection in the kidneys is known as pyelonephritis and it is the most severe type of UTI.
When Will Pain Peeing After Sex Go Away
Often, this burning pee after sex sensation will get better with simple changes, like switching the kind of condoms or lubrication you use, or looking after sore genitals with good hygiene.
But if a medical condition is at the root of your pain, youll usually need to get treated or manage the condition to help relieve any pain you have. How long this will take typically depends on the cause of your problem and if the treatment a doctor gives you works or not.
How Are Urinary Tract Infections Treated
You will need to treat a urinary tract infection. Antibiotics are medicines that kill bacteria and fight an infection. Antibiotics are typically used to treat urinary tract infections. Your healthcare provider will pick a drug that best treats the particular bacteria thats causing your infection. Some commonly used antibiotics can include:
Its very important that you follow your healthcare providers directions for taking the medicine. Dont stop taking the antibiotic because your symptoms go away and you start feeling better. If the infection is not treated completely with the full course of antibiotics, it can return.
If you have a history of frequent urinary tract infections, you may be given a prescription for antibiotics that you would take at the first onset of symptoms. Other patients may be given antibiotics to take every day, every other day, or after sexual intercourse to prevent the infection. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best treatment option for you if you have a history of frequent UTIs.
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How Soon After A Uti Can You Have Sex
Its best to wait until the UTI has been treated to start having intercourse again. Your doctor will give you the green light about when that is, but its safe to assume it will be at least a week until youve finished your antibiotic regimen.
Even if you no longer notice symptoms, try your best to refrain from sexual activity until you are fully cleared of infection and done with your treatment.
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What Will I Need To Tell My Doctor
You should tell your doctor if you’ve had urinary tract infections before, how many you’ve had and how they were treated. How well you responded to that treatment is also important information. You should tell your doctor if you had urinary tract infections as a child. Your doctor should know about any other medical conditions you may have, such as diabetes mellitus or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome , because these could affect your body’s response to infection. Telling your doctor about any known abnormality in your urinary tract or the possibility that you’re pregnant is also important. Tell your doctor if any procedures were done on your urinary tract or if you were recently hospitalized or stayed in a nursing home.
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Causes Of Urinary Tract Infections
UTIs are usually caused by bacteria from poo entering the urinary tract.
The bacteria enter through the tube that carries pee out of the body .
Women have a shorter urethra than men. This means bacteria are more likely to reach the bladder or kidneys and cause an infection.
Things that increase the risk of bacteria getting into the bladder include:
do not use scented soap
do not hold your pee in if you feel the urge to go
do not rush when going for a pee try to fully empty your bladder
do not wear tight, synthetic underwear, such as nylon
do not drink lots of alcoholic drinks, as they may irritate your bladder
do not have lots of sugary food or drinks, as they may encourage bacteria to grow
do not use condoms or diaphragms with spermicidal lube on them try non-spermicidal lube or a different type of contraception
What Causes Recurring Utis
Some people get UTI symptoms frequently. This can result from IC, a chronic condition that causes pressure and pain in the bladder region.
IC results from inflammation, which sometimes occurs due to an autoimmune response in the bladder. This means that the body is mistakenly attacking its own cells.
In some people, the symptoms of IC come and go. Because the symptoms can resemble those of other conditions, IC can be difficult to diagnose. Treatment typically involves symptom management.
IC is not the only health issue that can resemble a UTI some STIs have similar symptoms to UTIs.
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Timing Of Sexual Intercourse And Risk Of Incident Urinary Tract Infection
After adjusting for intercourse on other days of the month, the HR for UTI was 3.30 2 days after the reporting of intercourse in the diary compared with no reporting of intercourse. Further adjustment for diabetes changed this HR slightly . The risk for UTI was higher among diabetic women compared to women without diabetes . The risk of UTI was not elevated 1 day after intercourse or between 3 and 30 days after intercourse . These relationships did not vary substantially after adjustment for other potential confounders, such as hormone replacement therapy, age, physical function, marital status, race, education, income, and smoking status. When we repeated these analyses using a diagnostic threshold of 104 CFU/mL rather than 105 CFU/mL with acute urinary symptoms, there were 83 women experiencing 117 UTIs. The risk of UTI 2 days after intercourse was similar to what is presented above after including these additional UTI events , while intercourse on other days remained unassociated with the risk of UTI.
What Type Of Tests Will I Need To Have Done
Your doctor will usually be able to tell what’s causing your pain by your description of the pattern of urination and symptoms, along with a physical exam. Testing your urine for white blood cells, red blood cells and chemical by-products can also help your doctor identify what type of infection you have. Usually, a sample of your urine is taken in your doctor’s office and sent to a laboratory to check for a bacterial infection.
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How Is Painful Urination After Intercourse Treated
Treatment for dysuria depends upon the cause of the pain. Determining whether painful urination is brought on by infection, inflammation, dietary factors or an issue with the bladder or prostate is the initial step in your treatment. Urinary tract infections are most commonly treated with a course of antibiotics.
Inflammation brought on by inflammation to the skin is generally dealt with by preventing the cause of the irritant, Dysuria brought on by an underlying bladder or prostate condition is dealt with by dealing with the underlying condition.
There are a number of steps you can require to decrease the discomfort of painful urination, including drinking more water or taking an over the counter painkiller to treat painful urination. Other treatments require prescription medications.
If you struggle with regular urinary tract infections, your doctor can help check out the underlying reason for this condition.
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Urinary Problems In Women: Urinary Tract Infection After Sexual Intercourse
Dr Sarita Naik
Dr Sarita Naik is a superspecialist urogynaceologist & vaginal surgeon in Mumbai. She earned her MBBS with a gold medal in 2003 from Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi University. She was awarded her post graduate degree in Obstetrics and Gynaecology from Delhi University in 2006. She gained an extensive experience in urogynaceology from KK women’s hospital, Singapore from 2008-2013. She is also an esteemed member of Royal College of Obstetrics & Gynaceology, UK since 2010.Her main area of interest is to help women with their unspoken problems regarding menopause, urinary and sexual health . Her expertise lies in treating urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse and sexual dysfunction in women.Currently she is the director of UGLC: Urogynaceology & Gynaec Laparoscopy Clinic in Mumbai .She is attached to premium institutes like Hinduja Hospital,Wockhardt Hospital,Surya Hospital and Cloud Nine Hospital Mumbai. LESS… MORE
I am a 27-year-old recently married lady. Whenever I get intimate with my partner, I always end up having Urinary tract infection. I get intense burning in urination the very next morning and extreme difficulty in passing urine. This is disturbing my personal life as I have started avoiding sex for this reason. Is there any solution?
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Things Are Burning Up
If you feel a little burning or stinging when you pee right after sex , your first instinct might be that you have a urinary tract or sexually transmitted infection. But actually, minor burning and stinging is pretty common, provided that it goes away within a few hours.
Women that experience the sensation of a urinary tract infection, but without the presence of an actual infection, are also typically experiencing the burning or urinary urgency and frequency due to an overactive pelvic floor, explains Heather Jeffcoat, pelvic floor physical therapist and author of Sex Without Pain: A Self-Treatment Guide to the Sex Life You Deserve.
It also can be caused by the engorgement of vaginal tissues, which, because of their proximity to the urethra, can cause temporary burning or stinging when you try and urinate directly after sex.
Its easier to prevent this by making sure youre fully lubricated and prepared for intercourse, and, of course, urinating just before and after sexual activity.
How Long After A Uti Can I Have Sex
Well, once the infection starts to clear up, it is safe to have sex again. However, doctors usually recommend avoiding sex until there are no symptoms and the infection has cleared up completely, which can be checked with labs.
Be sure to ask if its safe to have sex with your partner again when you meet with your doctor to get treatment for your UTI symptoms.
Also, remember, you can still enjoy each others company, share intimacy and stay satisfied while you let your body heal from a UTI, even if you cant have sex.
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Utis After Sex Are Worse Than Using The Toilet Around A New Partner
They sometimes refer to UTIs as honeymooners syndrome. Historically women became sexually active on their honeymoons.
There was probably already a mixture of fear and trepidation. Then add the potential embarrassment of showing your new husband that you needed to use the toilet. That may have been enough to leave many new brides with a desperately full bladder and bacterial growth flourishing.
New relationships encounter these same problems too. In this last instance the toilet was next to the bedroom and the door did not close. So I was less than enthusiastic about issuing the powerful jet of urine that might have saved me.
And its not just not peeing after sex that can cause problems. It turns out its about poo too! Constipation is linked to recurrent UTIs, especially in kids.
So if youre also not making regular bowel movements due to the awkwardness of a new relationship, its best to just get over it.
UTIs after sex prevention tip 5: Its important to avoid constipation. Keeping bowel movements regular can help with urinary tract health.
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Recognizing Uti Symptoms In Men
Can males get UTI from females? No, men usually get UTIs from other factors. And when you have a urinary tract infection,you do not always notice symptoms. However, whenever there are symptoms, they are usually the same in both men and women. Some of the most common symptoms include the following:
- You may pass cloudy, bloody, or bad-smelling urine.
- You may pass a small amount of urine at a time.
- You have abdominal pain.
- You may experience pain in your lower back.
- You may experience a burning sensation when passing urine.
- You may have a strong urge to urinate.
- You may have a low-grade fever.
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What Causes Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria in the urinary tract from:
- Changes in the vaginal environment: The hormonal changes brought on during menopause can increase the likelihood of urinary tract infections.
- Having sex: Sexual intercourse can push germs into the urinary tract.
- Incomplete emptying of the bladder: If the bladder isnt completely emptied, bacteria may grow in its dark, moist environment. Some medical conditions, such as kidney stones, increase the risk of infection by making it more difficult to empty the bladder.
- Using a catheter to drain urine: This thin tube increases the risk of infection.
- Using a diaphragm for birth control: Diaphragms press against the urethra and may cause urine to stay in the bladder.
- Wiping from back to front: Bacteria found in feces can enter the urinary tract and cause infection.
You can help reduce your risk of developing an urinary tract infection by:
- Drinking lots of water or cranberry juice
- Urinating after sex to flush out bacteria
- Urinating when you feel the urge
- Wearing loose-fitting cotton underwear
Signs of urinary tract infection include:
- Burning or pain with urination
- Feeling sick or tired
- Pressure in the lower belly
- Urine that is reddish in color, cloudy, or smells bad
Recurrent Cystitis In Women
Some women have recurring bouts of cystitis, sometimes defined as two proven infections within six months, or three infections in a year.
In this article
Cystitis means inflammation of the bladder. It is usually caused by a urine infection. Some women have repeated bouts of cystitis. Doctors define a recurrent infection as either three proven separate infections in a year or as two in six months. In many cases there is no apparent reason for a woman to get frequent attacks of cystitis. There are a number of treatment options to consider. This might be treating each episode promptly with a short course of antibiotics, a regular low dose of antibiotics taken long-term, or taking a single dose of antibiotic after having sex . You can read more about cystitis in the separate leaflet called Cystitis in Women.
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Urinary Tract Infection And Antibiotics During Pregnancy
Mothers are always at risk of havingurinary tract infection while pregnant. Defined as bacterial invasion of the organs of the urinary system, UTI is one of the common conditions that a mother can have during pregnancy. The ones most prone to have UTIs are those pregnant mothers who are on their 6th week to 24th week in pregnancy.
UTIs may give the pregnant mother great discomforts during pregnancy. Some of the most obvious symptoms of UTI that the mother may feel are burning sensation upon urinating, frequent feel to urinate, pain in the lower abdominal area, urinating cloudy urine, fever, and in sometimes there is traces of blood in the urine. The pregnant mother can have UTIs when she fails to urinate and clean up after a sexual intercourse, forgets to thoroughly clean stools after defecating, and the increase of pressure of the abdomen to the urinary bladder because of the growing belly.
When one thinks of UTIs, the first choice of treatment would always be taking of antibiotics to help get rid of the harmful bacteria that is invading the pregnant mothers urinary system. But as we all know, taking medications during pregnancy is discouraged because it can cause birth defects and complications. Most mothers are reluctant to take antibiotics because of the knowledge that it can harm their pregnancy.
Symptoms And Causes Of A Urinary Tract Infection
The urinary tract is the system that produces urine and carries the urine out of the body. Sometimes germs get into this system, causing an infection.
The most common type of urinary tract infection is called a bladder infection which is caused usually by bacteria getting into the bladder from the urethra. These infections are more common in women than men because women have shorter urethras making it easier for germs to get into the bladder.
A bacterium that lives in the large intestines and is present in stool is the most common cause of infection. Sexual intercourse, especially in women, may also be a source for bacteria to get into the urinary tract. Catheters, for people who are hospitalized, are another common source for a bacterial infection. Bacteria that travel through the blood may also cause infections. Also, kidney stones and, in men, an enlarged prostate can cause infections by limiting the bodys ability to urinate.
A person that is pregnant, had diabetes or does not drink enough fluids are at a higher risk for an infection.
Some possible symptoms you may suffer if you have an infection are:
pain or burning when urinating
feeling of having to urinate often, but not much comes out
tender or heavy feeling in belly
cloudy or bad smelling urine
pain in back where the kidneys are located
fever or chills
nausea and vomiting
Your doctor will take a sample of your urine to test for any germs that cause bladder infections.
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