Addressing The Symptoms And Treating This Problem
- Prescribe antibiotics for an infection
- Recommend changing your diet and regulating blood sugar levels if you`ve got diabetes
- Advise fluid intake regulation
- Bladder retraining where you gradually increase the interval between urination even if you feel a strong urge to do it
- Or Kegel exercises these exercises are meant for strengthening the muscles around the bladder and urethra to improve the bladder control
History Of Complaints And Physical Examination
A physician will suspect urinary retention by your symptoms and will attempt to confirm the diagnosis with a physical examination of the lower abdomen. The physician may be able to feel the distended bladder by lightly tapping on your lower belly. Tapping or striking for diagnostic purposes is called percussing.
Diagnosis Of Enlarged Prostate Gland And Urinary Problems
If you are troubled by urination problems, see a doctor no matter what your age. If your doctor agrees that your symptoms need further evaluation and treatment, you may need to undergo a few tests.These may include:
- general examination medical history and review of any health conditions including obesity, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnoea, depression and erectile dysfunction. A rectal examination may be done to check the size and shape of your prostate gland
- a urine check to ensure the prostate is not infected
- a flow-rate check to estimate the speed with which you pass urine
- an ultrasound examination to assess if the bladder is emptying completely and to examine your kidneys
- urodynamics a series of tests on the bladder to see how your urinary system is functioning may be recommended in some circumstances.
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Bladder And Bowel Dysfunction
Patients often complain of urinary urgency, frequency, hesitancy, and incontinence. Incontinence can occur in the setting of a tonically contracted bladder that is incapable of filling completely or with a denervated distended bladder that overflows. It is often not possible to determine the nature of bladder dysfunction by history. Measurement of the volume of postvoiding residual urine, either by catheterization, by ultrasound, or by urodynamic studies, is essential for distinguishing between a spastic and denervated bladder. Bladder dyssynergia, an impairment of sphincter and detrusor coordination, is also a cause of hesitancy and incomplete voiding. Patients with urinary retention are susceptible to urinary tract infections, and such infections may trigger MS relapses by stimulating the immune system.
Bowel dysfunction is common in MS and is presumably caused by spinal cord plaques. Chronic constipation can worsen spasticity. Incontinence occurs either as a consequence of sphincter dysfunction or from bowel spasticity and fecal urgency.
Philip Buttaravoli MD FACEP, Stephen M. Leffler MD FACEP, in, 2012
Bladder Prostate Or Ovarian Cancer
The symptoms for all these cancers can be similar to other urinary tract conditions, so it is important to speak to a medical professional if urination issues arise.
According to the HHS, a doctor can do various tests to determine whether a person has a UTI. These tests include:
- a dipstick test, which looks for substances in a personâs urine that might suggest a UTI
- a urinalysis, which looks for cells, bacteria, and other substances in the urine
- a urine culture, which can determine what type of bacteria are causing the UTI
A doctor will also take a personâs full medical history and perform a physical examination.
If the doctor rules out a UTI or finds signs of cancer during a physical examination, they may suggest further medical procedures to determine what is causing the personâs symptoms.
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Related Conditions And Causes Of Urinary Incontinence
Fecal incontinence is light to moderate bowel leakage due to diarrhea, constipation, or muscle or nerve damage.
As described in the section above on causes of urinary incontinence, common conditions may contribute to chronic urinary incontinence, including: urinary tract infection , constipation, interstitial cystitis or other bladder conditions, nerve damage that affects bladder control, side effects from a prior surgery, and neurological disorders.
Inflammation Of The Prostate Gland
Bacteria sometimes cause prostatitis . More commonly, the underlying cause is uncertain. Consult your doctor promptly if you experience:
- pain in the groin
- urgent and frequent urination.
Treatment with antibiotics is essential for acute bacterial prostatitis. Admission to hospital is often necessary and, as with chronic bacterial prostatitis, specific antibacterial drugs are required for a long time.
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Urinary Urgency And Frequency
Urinary urgency is defined as the complaint of a sudden compelling desire to pass urine that is difficult to defer, whereas frequency of urination is considered abnormal when urination occurs more than every 23 hours. The symptoms of urgency and frequency are similar to those of UUI and can be associated with or without incontinence, daytime frequency, and nocturia. Patients with overactive PFMs may feel that they have a constant or exaggerated urge to void because of increased external pressure around the urethra, and they can have difficulty with voluntary relaxation. Patients can be treated conservatively with pelvic floor physical therapy, biofeedback, urge suppression techniques, and bladder training.
Low Urine Output: Symptoms & Signs
- Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Medically Reviewed on 9/10/2019
Low urine output, or no urine output, occurs in the setting of kidney failure as well as in urinary obstruction. As the kidneys fail or become compromised in their ability to function, the kidneys lose the ability to regulate fluids and electrolytes and to remove waste products from the body. Additionally, red blood cell production decreases. Low urine output also occurs when there is a decreased blood supply to the kidney, such as occurs with dehydration or excessive blood loss. Obstruction of outflow of the urine, either due to tumors, enlargement of the prostate, or bladder problems can also reduce urine output. Reduced urine output as a result of kidney failure can be acute, as with toxins or , or chronic. Chronic renal failure develops over time and can result from poorly controlled diabetes or hypertension.
Related Symptoms & Signs
Other causes of low urine output
- Acute Glomerulonephritis
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All About Urinary Tract Infections
This site is dedicated to providing you with the best information regarding urinary tract infections , an infection that can occur in any part of the urinary system kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. We aim to provide the most comprehensive resource available about UTIs and how to properly address them.
We provide you with impartial, up-to-the-minute information regarding this very common infection, which affects many individuals. UTIs are quite common, so understanding causes, symptoms and which measures can be taken to help eradicate this uncomfortable condition, once and for all.
Preventing Frequent Or Painful Urination
Whenever possible, physicians treat frequent or painful urination by determining what underlying problem is causing the symptoms, and treating that problem. For example:
- If diabetes is the cause of a persons frequent urination, the physician will work with the patient to control blood sugar to minimize the urinary issue.
- If a mans frequent urination is due to benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostatitis, the physician will treat that issue to relieve urinary symptoms.
- For women who have painful or frequent urination due to urinary tract infections, the physician will prescribe antibiotics or suggest other treatments to eliminate the infection.
Sometimes, behavioral treatments may also help alleviate symptoms of painful or frequent urination. These are activities the patient can do to minimize or eliminate symptoms for conditions such as OAB. Behavioral treatments might include:
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Cause Of Urinary Problems As Men Age
Many men experience urinary symptoms as they age, which may be caused by inflammation of the prostate gland . In older men, symptoms may be due to a blockage in the tubes due to a benign enlargement of the prostate gland . The most common symptom is difficulty emptying your bladder. Urinary symptoms may become bothersome enough that they require treatment. Not all urinary symptoms are due to changes to the prostate. Also, some men have enlarged prostates and yet experience few, if any, symptoms.
Urine Signs Of Kidney And Bladder Diseases
Posted by Dr. Chris
Most of us do not give our urine much thought. A quick flush and it is disposed of and the story is over for at least the next few hours. The urine itself and urinary habits can serve as important signs of kidney and urinary tract problems. In fact, your urine can also tell you a lot about other aspects of your health beyond the kidneys and bladder.
You do not have to spend copious times inspecting your urine and trying to reach a conclusion of where the problem may lie. The important aspect is knowing what is normal and what is not and seeking medical attention if something seems amiss.
Your kidneys filter incoming blood, removing wastes and excess water to form urine. The urine produced by the kidney then flow down the ureters to the bladder where it is stored. Once the bladder is full or close to it, you feel the urge to urinate. When the setting is appropriate, a person can initiate urination. The urine then passes out of the bladder, through the urethra and is expelled in to the environment. Urination continues with little effort until the bladder is empty or at least close to it.
Here are some of the normal features of urination and signs that may indicate an abnormality.
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How To Measure Kidney Function
A test used by doctors to measure the level of kidney function is the estimated glomerular filtration rate.
It is calculated from the results of a blood test that measures creatinine, as well as a persons age, body size, and sex.
The GFR rate typically drops with age.
An average level for a healthy adult is anything over 90. The level tends to decrease as you age.
Levels below 60 for aging adults usually indicate the kidneys are not working as well as they should.
The creatinine blood test is a rough indicator of how well the kidneys work at removing wastes and excess fluid from the blood.
A level greater than 1.2 for women or more than 1.4 for men may be an early sign of beginning kidney disease.
As it progresses, creatinine blood levels tend to rise.
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- The prostate gland is a male reproductive organ that produces fluids to feed and protect sperm cells.
- Many men experience urinary changes as they age. In many cases, these changes do not need specific treatment.
- When urinary changes cause problems, they can be treated successfully by lifestyle changes, medication, surgery or a combination of the three.
- For problems such as blood in the urine, pain on urination, inability to urinate or uncontrollable urine flow, see your doctor promptly.
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Other Causes Of Urinary Hesitancy
Both women and men are susceptible to urinary hesitancy resulting from:
- Dysfunction of bladder muscles
- Surgery and surgical anesthetics
- Psychological influences, including shy bladder syndrome
Women can also suffer nerve damage resulting from pregnancy that causes urinary problems, including a weak urine stream.
Is It Possible To Prevent Frequent Urination
- Because there are so many different causes for frequent urination, there is no one way to prevent it.
- Proper diet and avoiding excess fluids and foods that act as diuretics can reduce urinary frequency.
- Kegel exercises can keep the pelvic-floor muscles well toned and may help stave off urinary frequency as one ages.
- Discussing any concerning symptoms with your doctor as soon as they appear may allow for early treatment or may prevent worsening of symptoms.
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Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms In People With Ms
LUTSs are common, occurring in 5080% of patients with MS.37
Urinary urgency is the most common symptom in 65% of patients with MS and urinary tract infection was the most common complication in 15% of subjects.37 Urodynamic evaluation showed neurogenic detrusor overactivity in 27%, detrusor sphincter dyssynergia in 25%, and an underactive detrusor in 6% of subjects.37 Symptoms include dysuria, frequency, urgency, suprapubic pain, fever, chills, flank pain, and hematuria.38
The treatment of urinary incontinence is important for social rehabilitation of the patient and thus contributes substantially to the individuals QoL.39 The most common treatment comprises pharmacotherapy and/or intermittent self-catheterization. However, in some patients anticholinergics have troublesome side effects and intermittent self-catheterization requires motivation and is not always possible for physical or psychological reasons.40 In 2008, intravesical injection of botulinum toxin was shown to be beneficial for these issues.40 Different electrostimulation techniques have also been widely proposed to treat urinary disorders and consistent results have been reported.36
The aim of this chapter was to examine the recommendations for the use of electrotherapy treatment for LUTSs in patients with MS.
The selected documents were classified according to grades of recommendation of the DUODECIM.
Table 20.2. Main Outcomes Measures and Results PTNS Treatment in Patients With MS
Constant Urge To Pee But Little Comes Out: What Does It
4 mins readIf a person frequently needs to pee but little comes out when they try to go, However, The faulty signal causes the bladder muscles to contract and make you dash for the toilet, The bacterium called Escherichia coli is responsible for causing urinary tract infections in both men and women, small leakage to an urge to urinate strong enough to cause distress and potentially embarrassing situations.
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What Is Urinary Incontinence Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment And Prevention
Urinary incontinence , the involuntary loss of urine, is a very common condition that no one wants to talk about. Because of the stigma that surrounds it, many people are too humiliated to seek help. But most conditions that cause UI can be corrected with medical or alternative interventions.
Occurring much more often in women than men, UI happens when the muscles in the bladder that control the flow of urine contract or relax involuntarily, resulting in leaks or uncontrolled urination. UI itself is not a disease, but it can be a symptom of an underlying medical issue.
Too Little Urine Or No Urine Output
Most people will urinate about 6 times in a day. Some people will urinate a little more and others a little less. When the bladder is full, about 300mL to 500mL of urine is passed out during urination. Collectively most people will excrete about 1 liter to 2 liters of urine daily. Normal daily urine output is actually considered to be above 400mL of urine.
If you pass less than 400mL then it is known as oliguria. This is abnormal and needs to be investigated. If your urine output is less than 100mL or there is no urine output at all in a day then it is known as anuria. It may be due to a host of causes ranging from dehydration and heart failure to kidney disease and urinary tract obstruction.
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Social And Cultural Aspects
A puer mingens is a figure in a work of art depicted as a prepubescent boy in the act of urinating, either actual or simulated. The puer mingens could represent anything from whimsy and boyish innocence to erotic symbols of virility and masculine bravado.
Symptoms Of Urinary Problems
Urinary symptoms commonly experienced with prostate problems include:
- the need to urinate frequently during the night
- urinating more often during the day
- urinary urgency the urge to urinate can be so strong and sudden that you may not reach the toilet in time
- the urine stream is slow to start
- urine dribbling for some time after finishing urination
- a sensation that the bladder isn’t fully emptied after urination
- lack of force to the urine flow, which makes directing the stream difficult
- the sensation of needing to go again soon after urinating.
Although these symptoms often do not need treatment, see your doctor if they are causing you difficulty, as they can be successfully treated.
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How Can Nerve Stimulation Help Overactive Bladder
There are several treatments that involve stimulating your nerves to help improve overactive bladder. Your nerves help communicate the message that your bladder needs to be emptied to your brain. By treating the nerves, your healthcare provider can improve your bladder control. Nerve stimulation is a reversible treatment that is considered when conservative treatments have not worked or have not been tolerated. Conservative treatments include behavioral therapies and medications.
There are several types of nerve stimulation treatments. These can include:
Causes Of Stress Incontinence
Stress incontinence is when the pressure inside your bladder as it fills with urine becomes greater than the strength of your urethra to stay closed. Your urethra is the tube that urine passes through to leave the body.
Any sudden extra pressure on your bladder, such as laughing or sneezing, can cause urine to leak out of your urethra if you have stress incontinence.
Your urethra may not be able to stay closed if the muscles in your pelvis are weak or damaged, or if your urethral sphincter the ring of muscle that keeps the urethra closed is damaged.
Problems with these muscles may be caused by:
- damage during childbirth particularly if your baby was born vaginally, rather than by caesarean section
- increased pressure on your tummy for example, because you are pregnant or obese
- damage to the bladder or nearby area during surgery such as the removal of the womb , or removal of the prostate gland
- neurological conditions that affect the brain and spinal cord, such as Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis
- certain connective tissue disorders such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
- certain medicines
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