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Can Diabetes Cause Urinary Tract Infections

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Acute pyelonephritis (urinary tract infection) – causes, symptoms & pathology

Kidney infections are less common than bladder infections, and are more common in women than men. Kidney infections can usually be treated at home with antibiotics , but are sometimes treated in the hospital if the infection is.

Frequent urination is one of the most common symptoms of diabetes. If you are peeing more than usual, it may be a sign that your blood sugar levels are too high and your kidneys are eliminating excess sugar from the bloodstream. 4. Usually, when the kidneys create urine, they reabsorb filtered sugar and direct it back into the bloodstream.

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Understanding The Correlation Between Diabetes And Recurrent Utis

Weak Immune System: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which means it causes the immune system to attack itself. People with autoimmune diseases have weaker immune systems, making them more prone to infections than a non-diabetic person.

Poor Circulation: Along with this, they also suffer from poor circulation. Poor circulation makes it harder for the white blood cells to travel through the body and fight infections. This, in turn, increases the risk of infections and thus UTI.

Extra sugar in the urine: Another correlation between diabetes and UTI is that in case of diabetics, there is an extra sugar build up in their urine. This high level of glucose in the urine gives rise to bacteria which causes recurrent UTIs.

Autonomic neuropathy: UTIs also occur due to urine build up in the bladder and not emptying it completely. Diabetics suffer from autonomic neuropathy quite often, which is a nerve damage affecting the bladder, intestinal tract and genitals. Autonomic neuropathy makes it harder for the bladder to respond to pressure, hence not being able to empty the bladder completely. Urine in the bladder for long eventually leads to UTIs.

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Uti Causes And Risk Factors

The most common cause of a UTI in the urethra is a sexually transmitted disease. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are two STDs that can cause a UTI. STDs are also the most common cause of UTIs in younger men.

Prostate problems can also cause UTIs. An enlarged prostate is common in older men and can block the flow of urine. This can increase the odds that bacteria will build up and cause a UTI.

Prostatitis, which is an infection of the prostate, shares many of the same symptoms as UTIs.

Diabetes and other medical issues that affect your immune system can also make you more likely to get a UTI.

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How Can A Uti Be Prevented

Amanda recently contacted TheDiabetesCouncil asking how to prevent utis. There are quite a few simple things you can start doing today, that will ensure you dont end up with another dreaded infection tomorrow!

The very best prevention is to practice good hygiene techniques. Now remember, I am a Registered Nurse, so I am going to get technical here ladies:

  • Wiping front to back is essential! Transfer of bacteria is definitely going to happen otherwise and will cause a urinary tract infection for sure!
  • Go to the bathroom and empty your bladder immediately after sexual intercourse ladies.
  • Every time you empty your bladder, try to make sure it is fully empty.
  • Drink lots of water to keep your bladder flushed out current recommendation is 8 eight ounce glasses per day .
  • Keep your diabetes under the best possible control!

I know these techniques seem simple at first glance, but if you are vigilant, they really will work. Practicing these preventive techniques will go a long way in helping you stay healthy and hopefully avoid a potentially life threatening urinary tract infection.

Why does diabetes increase the risk for getting a UTI?

Weaker immune system, poor blood circulation, high blood glucose levels, and diabetic neuropathy are some of the reasons why people with diabetes are at a higher risk

I am a woman, am I at a high risk of getting a UTI?

What are the signs and symptoms that I should watch for?

The most common signs and symptoms to look out for are:

Urinary Tract Infections More Common In Diabetics

Diabetes And Urinary Tract Infections

Its not easy being a diabetic. In addition to having to monitor and control their sugar levels, they also have to be careful of other troubles, such as problems with their feet, eye damage and even susceptibility to strokes and heart attacks. And in the last decade, urinary tract infections have been added to the list of woes of a diabetic.

Certainly many women have had the occasion, young and more aged, to be afflicted with this infection. However, research from the Scientific Sessions of he American Diabetes Association seems to indicate that diabetics are more prone.

Why do people with diabetes get urinary tract infections?

White blood cells

The problem centers around a diabetics ability to send those strong white blood cells, which are infection fighters, to places in the body that are prone to bacteria. One of the characteristics of diabetes is poor circulation, so that means those white blood cells cant always get where they need to be before an infection sets in, especially in the bladder and its surrounding system.

Diabetes also seems to make the white blood cells weaker, which means when they do get to the places in the body to fight infection, they arent as effective in killing the bacteria.

Impaired bladders

In addition, people affected by diabetes tend to have impaired bladders. What this means is that urine may sit in the bladder longer than it should, which in turn provides a breeding pond for bacteria.

The bottom line

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Pathogenesis And Risk Factors

Multiple potential mechanisms unique to diabetes may contribute to the increased risk of UTI in diabetic patients.38 Higher glucose concentrations in urine may promote the growth of pathogenic bacteria.8,39 However, several studies did not find an association between HbA1c level, which serves as a proxy for glycosuria, and risk of UTI among diabetic patients also, sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors, which increase glycosuria, were not found to increase the rate of UTI.3,40 High renal parenchymal glucose levels create a favorable environment for the growth and multiplication of microorganisms, which might be one of the precipitating factors of pyelonephritis and renal complications such as emphysematous pyelonephritis.30,41 Various impairments in the immune system, including humoral, cellular, and innate immunity may contribute in the pathogenesis of UTI in diabetic patients.5,6,42 Lower urinary interleukin-6 and -8 levels were found in patients with diabetes with ASB, compared to those without diabetes with ASB.41 Autonomic neuropathy involving the genitourinary tract results in dysfunctional voiding and urinary retention, decreasing physical bacterial clearance through micturition, thereby facilitating bacterial growth.9,10,43 Bladder dysfunction occurs in 26%85% of diabetic women, depending on age extent of neuropathy and duration of diabetic disease,44 and thus should be considered in all diabetic patients with UTI.

Ways Cranberries Can Help Your Dog

Can dogs eat cranberries? YES! Cranberries have many healthy benefits for your dog. Here’s what you need to know about feeding cranberries to dogs …

So lets look at how cranberries can benefit your dog.. Fiber for gut health and immune support Anthocyanins antioxidants that support immune and brain health Quercetin helps with allergies, joint pain Proanthocyanidins polyphenols that help with urinary and gut health, heart disease, cancer D-mannose a type of sugar that occurs naturally in the body and in some fruits and vegetables.. D-mannose is important in managing urinary tract infections as youll read later.. Research shows that cranberry proanthocyanidins can help prevent UTIs.. Cranberries antioxidant powers are the key to the health benefits of cranberries for dogs .. Several other studies show that cranberries help stop UTIs in women.. And especially cranberries!. So cranberries may help your dog avoid diabetes.. giving cranberries as food works well.. So youll want to avoid cranberry juice or sauce because they are high in sugar.

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Can Diabetes Cause Frequent Utis

The answer depends on your current level of control of your diabetes. People with poorly controlled diabetes may have more frequent utis due to the reasons already discussed. Getting your blood sugars under the best possible control will certainly reduce your risk of more frequent UTIs.

According to a different study by Feki Mnif et al Complicated urinary tract infections associated with diabetes mellitus: Pathogenesis, diagnosis and management, the increase UTIs in a person with diabetes is due to the presence of glycosuria, neutrophil dysfunction, increased bacterial observance to the uroepthelial cells. Age, metabolic control, nephropathy related to both diabetes and autonomy and vascular complications are just some of the risk factors of a UTI.

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Urinary Tract Infection Nursing NCLEX | UTI Symptoms Treatment Cystitis, Pyelonephritis, Urethritis

Patients with diabetes represent a unique group of individuals who appear more prone than others to developing infections. Several mechanisms have been proposed. Many older adults experience problems with balance and dizziness. Problems can be caused by certain medications, balance disorders, or other medical conditions. Balance problems are one reason older people fall. Maintaining good balance as you age and learning about fall prevention can help you get around, stay independent, and carry out daily. More Information . Retrospective evaluation of urinary tract infectionin 42 dogs with hyperadrenocorticism or diabetes mellitus or both Forrester SD, Troy GC, Dalton MN, Huffman JW, Holtzman G., 1999, Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine Findings indicate that UTIs are commonin dogs with diabetes mellitus, Cushing’s disease , or both diseases.

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> > > Breaking: Uncover How One Man Discovered The Truth About Successfully Treating Type 2 Diabetes

You should know that insulin can help you manage your diabetes and prevent further damage to your kidneys. If youre suffering from diabetes, its important to consult a doctor to make sure that youre a good candidate for the condition. If youre looking for more information, you can read about the various types of diabetes available, as well as how to get a free online health assessment. In many cases, its possible to avoid a doctors visit by doing simple exercises. If youre not familiar with the signs and symptoms of diabetes, you can read online articles about the condition and learn about its treatment.

Bladder And Kidney Infection

Bladder and kidney infections are more common in women because of the short length of the urethra, which is the tube taking urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The urine and vaginal secretions often contain increased amounts of glucose, particularly if the level of the glucose in the blood has been high. This provides an environment which germs can grow. It is possible for germs to be forced backwards up this tube during sexual intercourse, so to help prevent infection empty the bladder after sexual intercourse.

If the nerves to the bladder have been damaged by diabetes, the bladder may not empty completely leaving germs that may multiply.

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Diabetes And Urinary Tract Infections Things You Need To Know

Modified: Jun 4, 2020 by Tammy Shifflett RN, BSN, CDE, CPT · This post may contain affiliate links ·

In this article we will cover everything you need to know about diabetes and your risk for Urinary Tract Infections. Do you have an increased risk of Urinary Tract Infections now that you have diabetes?

We will cover what a Urinary Tract Infection is, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment guidelines, as well as why they are more common in people with diabetes.

More importantly, we will discuss steps you can take to prevent them!

Contents

Support Your Good Bacteria Instead Of The Bad

Pathophysiology of an UTI

Whilst we can aim to avoid excess sugar which risks spurring on our bad bacteria, another tactic is to focus on supporting our good bacteria instead. See, we have both good and bad types of bacteria throughout our system naturally however, these operate in a delicate balance and our good bacteria need to be of adequate numbers to help keep the bad guys in check.

To help support your good bacteria, a combination of prebiotics and probiotics work particularly well. Prebiotics such as our Molkosan help to correct the internal environment and the pH in and around our digestive and urinary tracts, which helps set the scene to top up our numbers of good bacteria themselves . For urinary tract or intimate issues, I often recommend Optibac For Women.

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If You Have Diabetes It Is Twice As Likely You Will Develop A Utiwhy

There are many factors that elevate the risk for UTIs for people with diabetes. Common sense would tell us that higher blood sugars increase the risk for all infections.

Well, believe it or not, the jury is still out on that theory for some odd reason. I could not find any recent research anywhere on this theory or for that matter on urinary tract infections in people with diabetes. My hope is more research will be considered since the complications associated with these infections can be life threatening.

According to a study by Nitzan et al Urinary tract infections in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: review of prevalence, diagnosis and management, UTIs are most common and severe with complicated outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes. The study presents the reasons people with diabetes are at a greater risk for urinary tract infections which I will outline here:

Likely Causes of Urinary Tract Infections in People with Diabetes:

  • Poor metabolic control
  • Use of catheters
  • Hospitalizations

Poor metabolic control is not completely understood as a cause of utis yet, so this is a great opportunity for researchers. The extra sugar in the urine builds up, causing the growth of extra bacteria which leads to the infection in the bladder.

We have already discussed a few of these, but lets discuss the ones we havent.

Your Health Care Team

If you have diabetes and also have urology-related health problems, you may work with a primary care doctor , endocrinologist and a urologist .

It’s important to work with your doctors to make a plan to keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range and to arrange for an A1C test. This plan may involve a blend of lifestyle changes, oral medications and insulin. You should also feel empowered to talk to your doctors about sexual function and bladder control concerns, as your provider may not always ask about these “quality of life” issues.

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Food To Improve Your Sex Drive

Medical Author: Betty Kovacs, MS, RDMedical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

Viewer Question: Is there anything I can eat to improve my sex drive?

Doctorâs Response: If the recipe for a better sex drive was found in food, grocery shopping would take on a whole new meaning! This is a great question that has some compelling and some controversial answers.

Before deciding which to foods to try, you will need to figure out if there is an underlying cause for lack of sex drive. And the best person to help you with this would be your doctor. The compelling answers are based on research and often revolve around uncontrolled medical conditions. Fortunately, your diet is a key factor in controlling many of these conditions. Here are some examples:

Diabetes

  • Men who have diabetes are three times more likely to have erectile dysfunction as men who do not have diabetes.
  • As many as 35% of women with diabetes may experience decreased or absent sexual response.
  • Keeping your blood sugar under control is the key. A diet rich in vegetables, lean meats, whole grains, and fresh fruit and with limited quantities of sugar, refined grains, and processed foods is one of the keys to this.

Why Do Diabetics Get Uti Frequently

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) Overview | Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

To understand this, Health Shots got in touch with Dr Pritam Moon, consultant physician, and Diabetologist, Wockhardt Hospital Mira Road, Mumbai.

Dr Moon says, Diabetes, which is a high blood sugar condition, is a good medium for bacteria to grow or travel so the chances are much higher to happen in diabetes.

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Complications Of Urinary Tract Infection In Diabetics

Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a severe and necrotizing form of multifocal bacterial nephritis along with gas formation within parenchyma of the kidney. So far, more than 200 cases have been reported in literature. Underlying poorly controlled diabetes mellitus is present in up to 90% of affected patients .

The commonest offending organisms are Klebsiella and Escherichia coli followed by Proteus. The clinical manifestations are nonspecific and not different from the classic triad of upper UTI due to this, the diagnosis of EPN is often delayed. Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, acute respiratory distress syndrome, disturbance of consciousness, acute renal failure, and shock can reveal some severe forms. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a very uncommon presentation, and only few cases have been reported so far.

EPN needs a radiological diagnosis. Conventional radiography may indicate gas bubbles overlying the renal fossa. Ultrasonography characteristically shows an enlarged kidney that contains high amplitude echoes within the renal parenchyma. Computed tomography is the imaging procedure of choice, which confirms the presence and extent of parenchymal gas.

Diabetes And Urinary Tract Infections: What You Need To Know

The urgent need to go. The burning pain when you do. The cloudy, foul-smelling urine. If you’ve experienced a urinary tract or bladder infection, you’d probably prefer to avoid another one.

Unfortunately, if you have diabetes, you are up to twice as likely as those without the disease to develop these often painful infections. Theyre especially common among women. But theres a lot you can do to avoid them and to ease your discomfort when they do strike.

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