What Color Should Your Urine Be
Your urines got a message for you.
Urine is a part of daily life. Because its so routine, we probably dont pay too much attention to what comes out when we empty our bladders. But urine color can actually communicate messages to us about our bodies.
Urine color can tell you a lot about what is going on in your body, said Alyssa Smolen, an advanced practice registered nurse at OSF HealthCare.
Urine can range anywhere from clear to light yellow to dark yellow to amber or brown. It can even show up orange, red or green.
The Meaning Behind Urine Color
We hope you will find this blog as a translator helping you learn what your trip to the bathroom is trying to tell you. Each color of urine can mean multiple things so we want to make sure you do not panic. But if you are experiencing an unhealthy looking color, make an appointment with your doctor.
Our color categories are approximate. Each persons liquid waste will look slightly different than someone elses, but this guide will provide you with a good frame of reference.
Clear Pale Straw Or Transparent Yellow Urine
Most likely means Clear, pale, straw-colored, or transparent yellow urine usually signals adequate hydration and is often considered normal. A diuretic medicine could also cause clear urine. But if you dont drink many fluids, are not on a diuretic, and still have consistently clear urine, it could be a sign of a kidney or liver disorder and that you need to see a doctor.
What to do If you dont drink a lot of fluids and youre not on a diuretic but have persistent clear urine, talk to your doctor to rule out kidney or liver issues.
Dark Yellow Urine
Also Check: What Tea Is Good For Urinary Tract Infection
How Are Pseudomonas Infections Treated
Pseudomonas infections are treated with antibiotics. Unfortunately, many pseudomonas infections are becoming more difficult to treat. These bacteria have developed the ability to adapt and overcome antibiotics in their environment. This is called antibiotic resistance.
The increase in antibiotic resistance has made treating infections much more challenging. Pseudomonas infectionscan often develop resistance to multiple types of antibiotics. It can even sometimes develop resistance during the course of treatment.
It is important that your doctor selects an effective antibiotic. A doctor may send a specimen from a patient to a laboratory first for testing in order to be more certain. The laboratory will test the specimen to determine which antibiotic will work best.
Treatment may involve one or more of the following types of antibiotics:
Why Urine Changes Color
Urine gets its color, which is typically yellow, from a pigment called urochrome, or urobilin. Lighter colored urine is more diluted, whereas darker urine contains less fluid. Very dark urine could be a sign that youre dehydrated.
If your urine doesnt fit within this color scheme, dont panic. A lot of things can change the color of urine, including the foods you eat or the medications you take. For example, beets and berries can turn your urine red.
Depending on which medication you take, your urine can turn a rainbow of colors, from yellow to red to blue.
Certain colors, however, can indicate a problem. A red or pink hue could be a sign of blood in your urine. If you suspect blood or notice clots, you should see your doctor to determine the cause.
Brown urine may indicate something as simple as a new medication, or it could be a sign of a more serious condition. Here are some possible causes of brown urine.
Some foods may turn urine brown if you eat enough of them. These include:
Recommended Reading: Urinary Tract Infection In Pregnancy
What Color Should My Urine Be
To get a true reading of your urine color, its important to pay attention to the stream of urine coming out from your body, not the color of your pee after its mixed with toilet bowl water, which can dilute or change the color.
Heres a handy breakdown the next time you take a gander mid-stream:
Clear to light yellow urine
Congratulations, youre well hydrated! Light yellow to clear urine means youre giving your body the fluids it needs.
When youre healthy and hydrated, your urine color should actually have very little color to it, from light yellow to clear, Dr. Wolach said. However, its not abnormal for the color of your urine to vary throughout the day.
Cloudy, murky-looking urine can be a sign of a urinary tract infection but can also indicate kidney stones, a sexually transmitted disease or diabetes. White or milky urine can also be caused by an overabundance of proteins.
Dark yellow to amber urine
The good news, youre in the right shade in the color chart. Bright yellow to amber urine may be harmless, but it could be a sign that youre a little dehydrated or taking more vitamins than your body needs. You may want to check with your provider on what vitamins your body doesnt need as much so you can cut back.
Most commonly, orange urine is caused by medications youre taking but it can also indicate possible liver or bile duct problems. If youre peeing orange, you could have also eaten something with food dye.
Dark brown urine
Does Cranberry Juice Prevent A Urinary Tract Infection
Many people say that cranberry juice can help treat, or even prevent, a UTI. Researchers are currently looking into the topic, but havent found a definitive answer yet. Healthcare providers recommend drinking lots of fluids if you have, or have a history of getting, a UTI. Adding a glass of unsweetened cranberry juice to your diet isnt a proven way to prevent a UTI, but it typically wont hurt you either.
Also Check: Urinary Tract Infection Which Doctor To See
Medications That Can Turn Urine Green
Promethazine : an antihistamine that treats allergies and nausea
Cimetidine : an antacid that treats GERD and heartburn
Metoclopramide : an anti-nausea medication
Amitriptyline : an antidepressant that treats fibromyalgia and depression
Indomethacin : a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
Propofol : an anesthetic used in surgery
Methylene blue: a water-based dye used in scans, surgery, and in treatment for methemoglobinemia
What About The Smell
So your urine is smelling…um, different…and you haven’t had any asparagus? “That could be medication changes, or if you ate something unusual,” Simma-Chiang says. Other foods that commonly cause a change in urine smell are fish, onion, garlic, and coffee, to name a few. Strong-smelling pee might also be a sign of yeast infection, candida overgrowth, or urinary tract infection .
Also Check: Can Constipation Cause Urinary Problems
How Are Utis Treated
UTIs are treated with antibiotics. After several days of antibiotics, your doctor may repeat the urine tests to be sure that the infection is gone. It’s important to make sure of this because an incompletely treated UTI can come back or spread.
If someone has a lot of pain from a UTI, the doctor may recommend a medicine to help relieve the spasm and pain in the bladder. This will turn pee a bright orange color, but it’s harmless and will usually make a person much more comfortable within hours. In the case of a kidney infection, a doctor may prescribe pain medicine.
If you’ve finished all the medicine or if your symptoms aren’t much better after 2 to 3 days of treatment, contact your doctor.
Drink lots of water during and after treatment because each time you pee, the bladder cleanses itself a little bit more. Cranberry juice may also be helpful. Skip drinks that containe caffeine , such as soda and iced tea.
People who get a doctor’s help for a UTI right away should be clear of symptoms within a week. Someone with a more severe infection may need treatment in a hospital so they can get antibiotics by injection or IV .
A doctor may tell people with UTIs to avoid sex for a week or so, which lets the inflammation clear up completely.
What Are The Risk Factors For Abnormal Urine Color
Your age and your sex may raise your risk for conditions that can affect the color of your urine. For example, tumors in the kidney or bladder are common in older adults. Urinary tract bleeding is commonly associated with problems of the kidney or bladder.
More serious conditions such as cancer can also cause bleeding and pink or red urine. Tell your doctor right away if you notice blood in your urine so that they can determine the cause.
Up to 60 percent of women will experience a UTI at least once in their lives. This infection may be accompanied by urinary tract bleeding, which can change the color of urine. Men may also experience urinary blood as a result of an enlarged prostate gland
Urinary tract bleeding is much less common in children, though certain rare disorders may cause blood in the urine. These disorders include Henoch-Schonlein purpura, hemolytic uremic syndrome, and Wilms tumor
As with adults, any urinary tract bleeding in children is considered abnormal and should prompt immediate medical attention.
If you notice any abnormalities in your urine color, you should see your doctor. After scheduling your appointment, jot down any details that can help your doctor determine whether theres a problem.
Consider the following:
When you meet with your doctor, theyll discuss your health history and perform a physical exam. Depending on their assessment, your doctor may request a urinalysis or blood test.
Don’t Miss: What To Drink To Get Rid Of Urinary Tract Infection
Why Is My Pee Green Here Are The Causes Medication And Myths
The appearance, color, and smell of urine can vary based on factors such as hydration levels and diet, as well as certain medical conditions like urinary tract infections. While it is unusual, green urine can sometimes occur. This article will discuss ten potential causes of green urine, but only two of them typically cause concern and are relatively rare.
Green urine can be surprising and may cause concern, but it is not usually a serious issue. According to Dr. Kelly Johnson-Arbor, a toxicologist and medical co-director for the National Capital Poison Center, changes in the color and odor of urine are common due to the kidneys constantly filtering waste products from the blood. Green urine is often caused by dyes found in food, medicine, and personal care products like mouthwash, according to Dr. Anurag K. Das, a urology leading physician from Staten Island University Hospital. In rare cases, however, green urine may be a sign of liver disease or a urinary tract infection.
When To Bring In The Professionals For Urine Color
Sometimes changes to a persons urine are temporary and harmless, such as the result of eating certain foods, taking medications or vitamins. But changes can also be a sign of a more serious underlying medical condition.
Anytime you see blood in your urine or notice it is brown or orange, it is time to seek medical attention and make an appointment with your primary care provider. This is especially true if the change lasts more than a day, or if it comes with back or side pain, fever, burning with urinating, vomiting, discharge or thirst.
Blood in the urine is a common sign of a urinary tract infection, kidney stones or urinary tract cancer. Brown or orange urine may be caused by a malfunctioning liver especially if it is partnered with pale stools and yellow eyes and skin.
Also Check: Can A Urinary Tract Infection Cause Diarrhea
Pee: What Color Should It Be
There are several indicators of how your health is, and your pee is one of them. While it may seem a little strange, taking a peek can give you a heads-up on when you need to come in for a check-up. It can also tell you when your urinary system is working appropriately.
The color of your urine can tell you a lot. For instance, it can let you know it’s time to put aside the caffeine for a little while and drink some more water. It can also be caused by your diet, food dyes, or even be a sign of health problems such as blood in your urine that can’t be ignored.
Here is what each color means, according to US San Diego Health.
How Often Should I Be Going To The Toilet
How often we need to go to the toilet will depend on how much we drink. But as a general rule, we should aim to pass urine when our bladder is comfortably full.
Its good practice to avoid holding onto an uncomfortably full bladder. Similarly, its best to avoid going to the toilet every time we get the first sensation that our bladder has some urine in it. Doing so can bring on the habit of urinating frequently, which can become problematic when were outside or not near a toilet.
You May Like: Cranberry Juice And Urinary Tract Infection
How Often Should You Be Peeing
In general, the average, healthy person will pee between three and four times per day, Simma-Chiang tells mbg. Of course that can vary based on age, medications, what and how often someone’s drinking, and more factors. If you’re peeing any less than that, you may need to drink more water. Peeing any more, and you may need to lower your water consumptionor consider speaking with a doctor, to rule out diabetes as a potential cause.
What Color Is Normal Urine
Everyone has a different normal when it comes to the color of urine, but it should fall on the yellow spectrum.
The amount of water you drink influences whether the color is a pale yellow or a dark amber. People who drink more water and stay hydrated typically produce more diluted, pale urine compared to those who are dehydrated or consume less water.
If the color of your urine falls outside of this yellow spectrum like urine thats cloudy or brown you should see a doctor. You should also see a doctor if your urine is red, blue, or green.
Read Also: Urinary Tract Infection While Pregnant
How Urine Color Can Show If You Have An Infection
Urine color is a factor that many of us flush away without a second thought, but it can actually be a very important indicator of your urinary health. While normal, healthy urine will vary in shade, changes in color should be noted and in some instances reported to your urologist.
Healthy urine can vary all the way from almost clear to a golden color, although if your urine is always a strong yellow you are very likely dehydrated and should drink more water. Completely clear urine can also be caused by some medications, but it is not the color to aim for when trying to find your ideal hydration level. A pale yellow is generally considered ideal by most urologists.
Colors for concern are shades of amber, pink, red, orange, blue, green, brown or black. Ambers and oranges are often signs of severe dehydration, severe enough that sometimes drinking water isnt enough. Blues, greens and occasionally brighter oranges are most likely caused by medications, but if you arent taking any at the moment you should contact your urologist immediately because they can be signs of rare conditions.
Lifestyle And Hygiene Factors For A Healthy Bladder
Water is the best fluid for our bodies and we should aim to stay well hydrated each day. But this doesnt mean that we shouldnt be enjoying other drinks such as juices, squashes and hot drinks .
However, tea, coffee, cola and energy drinks all contain caffeine. Caffeine is a diuretic, causing us to pass more urine. This also stimulates the muscle of the bladder and making it more irritable, causing symptoms such as urinary frequency and urgency. Alcohol is also dehydrating so these kinds of drinks should be enjoyed responsibly and matched drink for drink with water.
Hygiene wise, good genital hygiene is important. Wash your genitals in the bath or shower daily, and change your underwear each day.Many soaps and shower gels contain strong detergents and perfumes that can irritate our sensitive genital area. If you find your genitals becoming irritated, swap to a mild soap or wash the region with copious amounts of water only.
In women, passing urine before and after sex and washing soon after sex can help to avoid bacteria building up and entering the bladder.
You May Like: Foods To Avoid When You Have A Urinary Tract Infection
Youve Ingested Certain Foods Or Medications
Since everything you consume eventually makes its way to your kidneys, certain foods and medications have the ability to alter the color of your urine. For example, dark-colored foods like beets and blackberries can darken your urine, as can certain types of beans and foods that are high in vitamin A or B.
Brown urine may also stem from antibiotics, laxatives, muscle relaxants, and antimalarial drugs.