The Symptoms Of Bladder Cancer
Symptoms are signs, or alerts, that there may be an issue with a person’s health. Symptoms vary person to person, and each may not experience the same symptoms as another inflicted with the disease. Blood in the urine, incontinence and fatigue are just a few signs you or a loved one may have the disease. There are symptoms that are commonly associated with the illness However, less common symptoms can be present as well weight loss, swelling of the legs, bone pain, rectal/anal/pelvic area pain. As with any illness, it also possible for a person to be unaware they may have bladder cancer and experience no symptoms. To know for sure, seek medical advice from your doctor.
What To Do If You Have A Bladder Infection
Avoid foods that can irritate the bladder, including dairy products, citrus fruits, sugar, chocolate, soda, tea, and vinegar. Go to the bathroom right before bedtime and any vigorous activity. Wear an absorbent pad inside your underwear or disposable incontinence underwear. Maintain a healthy weight.
What Are The Early Signs Of Bowel Cancer
It is vital that you do not ignore the early signs of bowel cancer. Early intervention is essential for successful treatment of the disease.
|According to Bowel Cancer UK, the symptoms can include:
Most people suffering one or more of these symptoms will not be diagnosed with bowel cancer, as many health problems have similar symptoms. However, it is still essential that you go to the doctors for an investigation, even if you suspect it is something else.
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What Is The Most Common Symptom Of Bladder Cancer
The most common symptom of bladder cancer is hematuria, or blood in the urine. This sign is typically the earliest symptom, and may be pronounced or unnoticeable except by urinalysis. In early stages, bladder cancer causes bleeding, but little to no pain. As the disease progresses, pain may also be
What If The Incontinence Does Not Improve Or Is Bothersome
If you have a bothersome amount of incontinence or if it does not improve with the above measures, many men will benefit from seeing an incontinence practitioner. There is a wide range of treatments available.
Once you decide to see an incontinence practitioner, be prepared to answer questions regarding the type of symptoms you are having, the number and type of pads you might be using, and previous treatments you have had for prostate cancer and for incontinence. You should be honest about how much the incontinence bothers you, and how willing you are to have additional treatments, potentially including surgical procedures.
During your first visit, the incontinence specialist will take your history and perform an exam. You will likely be asked to give a urine sample to rule out infection or blood in the urine. A bladder scan is often done in the office to see if you are completely emptying your bladder when you urinate.
The incontinence specialist will likely discuss more conservative treatments at first. A more rigorous pelvic floor exercise program might be recommended. You may also be given a biofeedback machine that allows you to see how strong your pelvic floor muscles are. The specialist may also discuss various medication therapies.
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Can Smoking Cigarettes Cause Bladder Cancer
For example, smokers are significantly more likely to get bladder cancer than people who dont smoke. Cigarettes are also well-known to be a bladder irritant that causes incontinence. In some cases, smokers may think their incontinence is caused directly by smoking and not by the bladder cancer their smoking contributed to.
What Causes Bowel Cancer
The most significant risk factor for bowel cancer is age. 90% of cases of bowel cancer occur in those over the age of 60.
However, other risky behaviours can contribute to your chances of developing bowel cancer. If you eat a diet high in red or processed meats but low in fibre, then you increase your risk. Obesity is also a significant risk factor. Bowel cancer is more common in people who are overweight and those with a sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, exercise and a balanced diet can help to reduce the risk.
Although there are risk factors, there is no definitive answer as to what causes bowel cancer. Therefore, even if you are in your 40s, living a healthy life with a healthy, balanced diet, if you experience the symptoms described, you should seek help.
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Living With Bowel Incontinence
You can help manage bowel incontinence by following a bowel care plan and using the toilet before you leave home. You can also make sure you carry your medications, supplies, fecal deodorants, and a change of clothes with you.
Anal discomfort, itching, and irritation can be common. Here are some ways to help manage these symptoms:
- Wash the anal area after a bowel movement or use baby wipes.
- Use a moisture-barrier cream in the anal area.
- Use wick pads or disposable underwear.
- Change soiled underwear frequently to keep the anal area clean and dry.
How To Prevent Urinary Incontinence
Practice pelvic floor exercises. Avoid bladder irritants, such as caffeine, alcohol and acidic foods. Eat more fiber, which can prevent constipation, a cause of urinary incontinence. Dont smoke, or seek help to quit if youre a smoker. By Mayo Clinic Staff. Urinary incontinence care at Mayo Clinic.
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Is Urinary Incontinence Inevitable
Though it occurs more often as people get older, urinary incontinence isnt an inevitable consequence of aging. If urinary incontinence affects your daily activities, dont hesitate to see your doctor. For most people, simple lifestyle and dietary changes or medical care can treat symptoms of urinary incontinence.
Types Of Bladder Control Problems
Anyone can have bladder control problems or incontinence. Incontinence caused by cancer or cancer treatment can last a short time or a long time, and it can be mild or severe. There are different types of bladder control problems.
Stress incontinence. Urine leaks out during activities such as coughing, laughing, sneezing, or exercising.
Overflow incontinence. Urine leaks out when your bladder is full.
Urge incontinence. You feel the urge to go to the bathroom right away and urine leaks before you can get to the bathroom.
Continuous incontinence. Urine leaks out constantly, and you cannot control it.
These bladder problems can make you feel uncomfortable or embarrassed. Sometimes, people avoid activities they enjoy because of bladder problems. That can affect your quality of life. These are reasons why it is important to tell your health care provider about your experiences. They can help you treat incontinence. The treatment of side effects is an important part of your cancer care and treatment, called palliative care or supportive care. Talk with your health care team about how to treat or manage incontinence.
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Blockage Or Narrowing In The Urethra Or Bladder Neck
For you to be able to urinate normally, all parts of your urinary tract need to work together in the correct order. Urine normally flows from your kidneys, through the ureters to your bladder, and out the urethra. If a blockage or narrowing occurs somewhere along the urinary tract, you may have difficulty urinating, and if the blockage is severe, you may not be able to urinate at all.
Medical problems that may narrow the urethra and block urine flow include
What The Caregiver Can Do
- Encourage or help the patient with appropriate skin care after using the bathroom. Use warm water and pat the area dry.
- Help the patient keep a diary that records specific foods or drinks that may affect how frequently the patient goes to the bathroom.
- Help the patient maintain a bladder or bowel plan.
- Encourage the patient to go to the bathroom at consistent time frames during the day, like after a meal.
- Encourage regular daily exercise, as permitted by the health care team.
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What Are Urge Incontinence Treatments
If pelvic floor exercises and other techniques dont help, your healthcare provider may recommend one of these treatments:
- Medications or bladder botulin toxin injections to relax your bladder muscle so it can hold more urine.
- Nerve stimulation using a device that sends electrical pulses to your nerves. These impulses act as a bladder pacemaker to relax and regulate overactive bladder squeezes. Your healthcare provider may recommend a surgical procedure to place a sacral nerve stimulation device. Or you may have an in-office procedure for percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation .
- to enlarge your bladder using tissue taken from your intestine.
- Urinary diversion surgery to redirect your ureters to a urine drainage bag outside of your body instead of into your bladder.
Is Incontinence A Side Effect Of Cancer
Unexpected incontinence can sometimes signal certain cancers. It can also be a side effect of cancer or cancer treatments. If you have incontinence, its crucial to learn whether a type of cancer might be causing it. People with certain cancers need to learn how to manage incontinence as a side effect.
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What Are Urge Incontinence Symptoms
An urgent, uncontrollable need to pee is the top sign of urge incontinence. You may or may not leak urine. If you do have urine leaks, the amount tends to be larger than with other types of urinary incontinence.
Other signs of urge incontinence include:
- Frequent urination or nocturia .
- Leaking urine before you can make it to the bathroom or just after you peed.
- Wetting the bed at night.
What Can You Do To Help Someone With Incontinence
The most important thing first: act!Even if it is unpleasant at first, you have the opportunity to help improvethis persons quality of life. Many people, particularly much older people, donot know that a good and active life with incontinence is still possible andthanks to modern aids and treatment options this is possible.
How you approach the matter dependsvery much on your relationship with the affected person. An open conversationis often the first step. There may also naturally be situations when you haveto proceed more cautiously, and you cannot discuss the subject incontinencedirectly.
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What To Do About Changes When You Urinate
Narrator:What to do about changes when you urinate caused by radiation therapy.
Having problems when you urinate? Listen to solutions from other people undergoing radiation therapy. Also, hear advice from Dr. Ross. Then talk with your own doctor or nurse to learn more.
Miguel:Tip number 1: Drink lots of liquids each day.It’s good for your urine to be clear or a pale yellow color. My doctor says that tells you you’re getting enough liquids. Most people find drinking about 8 cups of liquid a day does the trick. Of course, check to make sure that’s the best amount for you, too.
Cara:Tip number 2: Water is wonderful, but you may want more zip in your sip.I like water, but found it was hard to get enough water each day. I was glad to learn that Jell-O and soups also count as liquids. To add some zip to what I drink, I have water with a little lemon and watered-down juices.
Rodney:Tip number 3: Lose the booze.My doctor told me that wine, liquor, or even beer could really bother my bladder. So now I limit these liquids. Some people may need to stay away from wine, liquor, and beer altogether to avoid irritating their bladder.
My doctor also told me to stay away from caffeine in coffee, colas, or teas. They could make my bladder problems worse. I now choose flavored decaf coffees and tasty herbal teas.
Dr. Ross:Hi, I’m Dr. Ross and you just heard 3 great tips to keep bladder problems under control.
- January 23, 2020
Can You Drink Water When You Are Peeing
To help relieve the symptom of pain or burning during urination, it can also be helpful to avoid drinks that contain irritants, and to drink more water to help dilute irritants that you do consume. There are some prescription and over-the-counter medications that can be used to help treat painful urination, but be sure to talk with your healthcare providers before you start taking any kind of medication for urinary symptoms.
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Bladder Incontinence In Women
Bladder incontinence is more common in women than in men. Other than the possible causes listed above, some things that may increase risk of bladder incontinence in women are:
- Changes to urinary or vaginal tissue from hormone therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy
- Hormonal changes from menopause
- Pelvic prolapse – the bladder, uterus, and or rectum may slip backward or downward into the vaginal canal because of weak pelvic wall muscles
Diagnosis And Differential Diagnosis
History can aid with the diagnosis of incontinence type but will be incorrect in up to 25% of women. Clinical history of urinary frequency and urgency preceding an incontinence episode has 61% sensitivity for diagnosing urge incontinence.Clinical history of only leaking with associated activity is 92% sensitive and 56% specific for diagnosing urodynamic stress incontinence in women.
A clinical history similar to stress incontinence but with an inability to empty the bladder without strain is a common symptom complex for diagnosing overflow incontinence. These subjects will generally have an associated disease state such as chronic illness that can result in an autonomic neuropathy, an obvious neuropathic condition, or a history of urinary obstruction following reconstructive surgery. A clinical history of continuous leaking is commonly associated with a fistula.
Diagnostic testing should be performed in all subjects who fail a trial of conservative therapy or in anyone contemplating surgical correction. The âGold Standardâ for diagnosing stress urinary incontinence is objective evidence of leaking of urine with increase in intra abdominal pressure during urodynamic testing. This can be a simple cough stress test where the patients bladder is retrograde filled through a red rubber catheter to at least 150 ccâs and visually demonstrating gross urine leak per the urethra during a cough or Valsalva.
Management of stress urinary incontinence
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How To Diagnose Bladder Cancer
There are several tests used to diagnose bladder cancer. Cystoscopy involves the insertion of a cystoscope into the urethra to examine the bladder and urethra for signs of cancer. A biopsy may be performed during cystoscopy, in which a tool is passed through the cystoscope for collection of bladder cells for testing. This procedure is called transurethral resection of bladder tumor , and is also sometimes used as a course of treatment for bladder cancer. Non-invasive diagnostics include urine cytology, in which a urine sample is analyzed for cancer cells. Imaging tests including CT urograms and retrograde pyelograms, which also allow for visualization of the urinary tract for signs of cancer.
Can You Reverse Stress Incontinence
Behavior therapies may help you eliminate or lessen episodes of stress incontinence. The treatments your doctor recommends may include: Pelvic floor muscle exercises. Your doctor or physical therapist can help you learn how to do Kegel exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles and urinary sphincter.
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When Should I See A Health Care Professional
See a health care professional if you have symptoms of a bladder problem, such as trouble urinating, a loss of bladder control, waking to use the bathroom, pelvic pain, or leaking urine.
Bladder problems can affect your quality of life and cause other health problems. Your health care professional may be able to treat your UI by recommending lifestyle changes or a change in medicine.
Possible Icebreakers For Talking About Incontinence:
- Use current studies and figures as a conversation starter, for example: Did you know that one in ten people are incontinent? The real number is probably much higher because it is such a hard thing to talk about.
- If you notice that someone is going to the toilet more often than usual, ask if they have a bladder infection as this can be a gentle introduction to a conversation about incontinence.
- First, talk a little about yourself. As a woman, you may be more familiar with temporary bladder weakness during pregnancy or have heard about it from pregnant women in your circle of friends.
- As a man, you can refer to the knowledge that incontinence can occur during and after pregnancy or for a man who you think may be suffering incontinence then mention the likelihood of prostate problems affecting a mans continence as they get older or certainly after prostate surgery to give the person that feeling that he or she is not alone with the problem.
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What Is The Difference Between Urge Incontinence And Stress Incontinence
Urge incontinence and stress incontinence have different causes and symptoms.
- Stress incontinence is due to abdominal pressure on your bladder. It causes you to leak small amounts of urine.
- Urge incontinence results from an overactive bladder. It causes you to leak a lot of urine.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Leaking urine for any reason isnt an unavoidable part of aging, so dont be embarrassed to talk to your healthcare provider. Treatments can help. You can learn pelvic floor exercises and use biofeedback to improve urge incontinence symptoms. If needed, you can try medications or nerve stimulation, too. With proper therapies, you can treat urge incontinence, regain control of your bladder and enjoy life more.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 11/05/2021.