Exploring The Link Between High Blood Pressure And Incontinence
Triggers for incontinence can be bizarre, varying from a chronic cough to Surprisingly, high blood pressure can worsen or cause incontinence.
Responsible for half of the worlds stroke deaths, high blood pressure is a worryingly common problem. In fact, one in three adults in the UK have high blood pressure. It can be caused by something as simple of a high amount of salt in your food and a lack of exercise. Obesity is actually a huge cause of high blood pressure. Having an unhealthy lifestyle through long term smoking can even be a cause. As you get older, your risk for high blood pressure increases. However, the following medical conditions can also cause high blood pressure:
- Kidney Disease
- Sleep problems or long-term sleep deprivation
How Can I Prevent Kidney Disease Caused By High Blood Pressure
It can take many years for high blood pressure to damage your kidneys. You can take steps to control your blood pressure and prevent kidney disease. If you already have kidney disease, controlling your blood pressure can help prevent more damage to your kidneys.
To prevent kidney disease or keep kidney damage from getting worse, you can:
- Control your blood pressure
- Stay at a healthy weight
- Be active most days of the week
Control your blood pressure
Your doctor may ask you to check your blood pressure at home with a digital blood pressure monitor. Many pharmacies and grocery stores have in-store monitors that you can use for free. You can also get a monitor from your local drug store, hospital, clinic or online. Your doctor can help you find a monitor that is right for you and can show you how to use it.
When you check your blood pressure, your result will be two numbers. Both numbers are important:
- The first number is your systolic pressure. This is the pressure in your arteries and veins when your heart is beating and the pressure is at its highest.
- The second number is your diastolic pressure. This is the pressure in your arteries and veins when your heart is between beats and the pressure is at its lowest.
For most people a normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg . This means that your systolic pressure should be 120 mm Hg or less and your diastolic pressure should be 80 mm Hg or less. If either number is too high, your blood pressure is high.
What Kinds Of Lifestyle Changes Will My Child Need To Make
Your childs doctor may recommend the following steps:
- Lose weight if your child is overweight. Being overweight makes the child more likely to develop other serious health problems such as diabetes and heart disease and can make existing high blood pressure worse.
- Cut back on table salt and salty snacks.
- Avoid substances that can raise blood pressure such as tobacco, caffeine and medications that caution against use if you have high blood pressure.
- Get regular exercise that is appropriate for the childs age and medical condition. Increasing physical activity not only helps to reduce blood pressure, but it can help a child who is overweight reach and maintain a healthy weight. Sports and exercise programs at school may be good ways to increase the childs activity level. Its important to speak to the childs doctor before he/she begins any exercise program.
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Does Adpkd Cause Any Other Cardiovascular Problems
People whose ADPKD has progressed quite a lot are at increased risk of having additional cardiovascular problems, especially if their blood pressure isnt controlled. These include:
- hardening and narrowing of the arteries
- thickening of the walls of the left side of the heart due to it having to work harder
- a swollen blood vessel in the brain
These conditions increase your chance of having a potentially fatal problem such as abnormal heart rhythm, a heart attack or stroke , so its important theyre monitored and treated.
If you have a high risk of having a cardiovascular problem, your doctor might recommend additional medications. These include:
- antiplatelet drugs to reduce your risk of a blood clot
- lipid-lowering drugs to reduce your cholesterol
Additional treatments to lower cardiovascular risk are being tested in clinical trials.
Your doctor will be able to explain whether additional medications might be helpful for you and why.
Diuretics And Erectile Dysfunction
Diuretics, also known as water pills, increase urine output to help release excess water and salt from the blood. This helps lower blood pressure by decreasing the amount of blood the heart has to pump.
It’s unknown exactly how diuretics affect erectile function, but some research suggests that diuretics can increase the occurrence of ED. Common diuretics that are taken include:
- Inderal LA
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What Do The Numbers In A Blood Pressure Reading Mean
As in adults, childrens blood pressure is read as two numbers. The top number, or systolic blood pressure, is the pressure when the heart is pumping blood around the body. The bottom number, or diastolic blood pressure, is the pressure when the heart is resting between beats. A blood pressure of 130/80 is read as 130 over 80.
Reducing Salt Intake May Help With Nocturia
A team of researchers presented the results of their recent study at the 83rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Japanese Circulation Society. According to their findings, trips to the toilet to urinate at night may be linked to excessive salt intake and high blood pressure.
Our study indicates that if you need to urinate in the night called nocturia you may have elevated blood pressure and/or excess fluid in your body, says study author Dr. Satoshi Konno, of the Division of Hypertension at the Tohoku Rosai Hospital in Sendai, Japan.
Previous research showed that excessive daily salt intake and hypertension have a negative impact on nocturia. In Japan, people generally consume significantly more salt than those in Western countries, and for this reason, the Japanese population may be at higher risk of developing high blood pressure.
Though people in other countries tend to have different eating habits when it comes to salt, the results of these studies suggest that appropriate control of salt intake and blood pressure might be important for the treatment of nocturia, regardless of nationality.
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Information From Other Organisations
- For more information and advice on blood pressure, including information on blood pressure monitors, go to the Blood Pressure Association website.
- For more information on strokes and heart attacks, go to the British Heart Foundation website.
- To calculate your body mass index and get tips on losing weight, go to the NHS website.
- You can read the latest guidelines on high blood pressure at the NICE website. There is a summary for patients, as well as more detailed information aimed at doctors.
Find your nearest chemist offering free blood pressure checks at bloodpressureuk.org.
What Are The Symptoms
High blood pressure doesnât usually cause symptoms. Most people donât know they have it until they go to the doctor for some other reason.
Very high blood pressure can cause severe headaches and vision problems. These symptoms can also be caused by dangerously high blood pressure called malignant high blood pressure. It may also be called a hypertensive crisis or hypertensive emergency. Malignant high blood pressure is a medical emergency.
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Eat Less Meat More Plants
A plant-based diet is an easy way to increase fiber and reduce the amount of sodium and unhealthy saturated and trans fat you take in from dairy foods and meat. Increase the number of fruits, vegetables, leafy greens, and whole grains youre eating. Instead of red meat, opt for healthier lean proteins like fish, poultry, or tofu.
How Are High Blood Pressure And Ckd Related
High blood pressure is a leading cause of CKD in adults and contributes to the worsening of CKD in children. High blood pressure can also be a complication of kidney disease. The kidneys play a key role in keeping blood pressure in a healthy range. If your childs kidneys are damaged, they are less able to help regulate blood pressure. As a result, the childs blood pressure increases and CKD gets worse. Making sure your childs treatment plan is followed carefully and his/her blood pressure is controlled can help keep kidney disease from getting worse and prevent heart disease.
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What Blood Pressure Medications Should Be Avoided
Using these data, the team tested whether certain blood pressure medication classes were associated with a greater degree of variability in blood pressure levels over time. Alpha blockers and alpha-2 agonists were found to be associated with higher blood pressure variability in subjects, according to the study.
How Are High Blood Pressure And Kidney Disease Diagnosed
A health care provider diagnoses high blood pressure when multiple blood pressure testsâoften repeated over several visits to a health care providerâs officeâshow that a systolic blood pressure is consistently above 140 or a diastolic blood pressure is consistently above 90. Health care providers measure blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. People can also buy blood pressure cuffs at discount chain stores and drugstores to monitor their blood pressure at home.
Kidney disease is diagnosed with urine and blood tests.
Dipstick test for albumin. A dipstick test performed on a urine sample can detect the presence of albumin in the urine. Albumin is a protein in the blood that can pass into the urine when the kidneys are damaged. A patient collects the urine sample in a special container in a health care providerâs office or a commercial facility. The office or facility tests the sample onsite or sends it to a lab for analysis. For the test, a nurse or technician places a strip of chemically treated paper, called a dipstick, into the urine. Patches on the dipstick change color when blood or protein is present in urine.
- eGFR of 60 or above is in the normal range
- eGFR below 60 may indicate kidney damage
- eGFR of 15 or below may indicate kidney failure
Get Screened for Kidney Disease
- blood pressure tests
- quitting smoking
- managing stress
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Can Kidney Issues Cause High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is one of the major causes of chronic kidney disease. And kidney disease can also cause high blood pressure. No matter which came first, having high blood pressure damages the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys.
Can kidney problems raise blood pressure?
Your kidneys play a key role in keeping your blood pressure in a healthy range. Diseased kidneys are less able to help regulate blood pressure. As a result, blood pressure increases. If you have CKD, high blood pressure makes it more likely that your kidney disease will get worse and you will have heart problems.
What are the signs that something is wrong with your kidneys?
- Youre more tired, have less energy or are having trouble concentrating.
- Youre having trouble sleeping.
- You have dry and itchy skin.
- You feel the need to urinate more often.
- You see blood in your urine.
- Your urine is foamy.
- Youre experiencing persistent puffiness around your eyes.
How does kidney function relate to blood pressure?
Damaged kidneys fail to regulate blood pressure. Healthy kidneys produce a hormone called aldosterone to help the body regulate blood pressure. Kidney damage and uncontrolled high blood pressure each contribute to a negative spiral. As more arteries become blocked and stop functioning, the kidneys eventually fail.
What Problems Can High Blood Pressure Cause
Having high blood pressure means that your heart has to work harder to pump blood around your body. It increases your risk of having serious cardiovascular problems, including a heart attack, heart failure, bleed on the brain or stroke.
If you have an enlarged blood vessel in your brain , having high blood pressure could slightly increase the risk of it bursting. You can learn more about aneurysms on our website.
The risk of having a cardiovascular problem differs between people, depending on factors including :
- blood pressure
- other conditions, e.g. diabetes
- the condition of their heart and arteries
The good news is that your risk of cardiovascular disease can be reduced with treatment to lower your blood pressure. Treatment is usually quite straight forward. If you have high blood pressure, your doctor can recommend lifestyle changes and medications to lower your blood pressure and risk .
If your blood pressure is extremely high, it could affect your ability to drive . If its above 180/100 mmHg, you should not drive until a doctor confirms it has reduced and is well controlled. Speak to the DVLA for advice.
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How Often Should My Childs Blood Pressure Be Checked
Your childs blood pressure should be checked every time you visit the childs doctor. Parents can learn to take the childs blood pressure at home, or ask the nurse at school to check it. Its helpful to keep a record of the childs daily blood pressure and show this to the doctor at each visit. When doing this, it is vitally important to be honest when recording the blood pressure measurement. It does not help to record what you think the doctor would like to see you must record what you actually measure.
High Blood Pressure And Other Causes Of Erectile Dysfunction
High blood pressure is a major cause of erection problems. A study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society found that about 49% of men ages 40 to 79 with high blood pressure had erectile dysfunction.
Another study of men with high blood pressure, published in the Journal of Urology, found that 68% of them had some degree of erectile dysfunction. For 45% of the men, it was considered severe.
High blood pressure keeps the arteries that carry blood into the penis from dilating the way they’re supposed to. It also makes the smooth muscle in the penis lose its ability to relax. As a result, not enough blood flows into the penis to make it erect.
Men with high blood pressure may also have a low testosterone level. Testosterone is the male hormone that plays a big role in sexual arousal.
High blood pressure by itself can lead to erectile dysfunction. But some drugs for treating high blood pressure can actually be the cause as well.
Diuretics — or water pills — and beta-blockers are the high blood pressure drugs most commonly linked to erectile dysfunction.
Diuretics may cause erectile dysfunction by decreasing the force of blood flow into the penis. They may also decrease the amount of zinc in the body. Your body needs zinc to make testosterone.
The power to take control of your blood pressure and sexual health is in your hands. By living a healthy lifestyle and working with your doctor, there’s a chance you’ll once again be able to have normal sexual function.
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High Blood Pressure Can Affect Incontinence
- On May 9, 2012
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More than half of the worlds stroke deaths are caused by elevated blood pressure levels, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A consistent reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher is considered to be high blood pressure, or hypertension.
However it is less well known that high blood pressure can also affect the bladder and .
Medications can affect the bladder muscles and cause urinary retention and , says Dianna Malkowski, physician assistant, If heart disease is present, it can cause excessive urine buildup and decreased mobility that makes it difficult to reach the bathroom in time.
There are two important elements to controlling and lowering high blood pressure: taking prescribed medications as directed by your doctor, and adopting a healthier lifestyle, says Malkowski.
Here are some healthy lifestyle tips that even those with normal levels can follow to prevent high blood pressure
1. Maintain a healthy weight. Those whose doctors advise them to lose weight should aim for a rate of 1/2 to 2 pounds per week. Losing 1 pound per week requires eating 3,500 fewer calories, or 500 fewer calories per day, or burning an extra 3,500 calories per week.
3. Follow a healthy eating plan. Ask a registered dietician for help creating a diet plan low in sodium, saturated fat, total fat and cholesterol, and high in fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy, whole grains, poultry, fish and nuts.
Over Time High Blood Pressure Harms Renal Blood Vessels
The nephrons in the kidneys are supplied with a dense network of blood vessels, and high volumes of blood flow through them. Over time, uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause arteries around the kidneys to narrow, weaken or harden. These damaged arteries are not able to deliver enough blood to the kidney tissue.
- Damaged kidney arteries do not filter blood well. Kidneys have small, finger-like nephrons that filter your blood. Each nephron receives its blood supply through tiny hair-like capillaries, the smallest of all blood vessels. When the arteries become damaged, the nephrons do not receive the essential oxygen and nutrients and the kidneys lose their ability to filter blood and regulate the fluid, hormones, acids and salts in the body.
- Damaged kidneys fail to regulate blood pressure. Healthy kidneys produce a hormone called aldosterone to help the body regulate blood pressure. Kidney damage and uncontrolled high blood pressure each contribute to a negative spiral. As more arteries become blocked and stop functioning, the kidneys eventually fail.
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