What Causes Kidney Failure In Dogs
Kidney problems in dogs can be acute or chronic. Acute kidney failure happens quickly over several days, while chronic kidney failure happens slowly over time.
Causes of Acute Kidney Failure
Acute kidney problems are most frequently attributed to your dog ingesting a toxin. It may be a chemical like antifreeze, household cleaners, or bad food.
Problems also occur due to a urinary obstruction in your petâs body. When blood flow decreases, it leaves your dogâs kidneys less oxygenated and more prone to infection.
Kidney issues may also result from:
- Severe dehydration
Causes of Chronic Kidney Failure
Chronic kidney disease is most common in older dogs, and the exact cause is often difficult to pinpoint because of its slow onset. Early symptoms of chronic kidney disease are easily overlooked or dismissed because they are mild in nature.
Dental disease is a leading cause of chronic kidney failure in older dogs. Bacteria build up on your dogâs teeth and enter the digestive system when eating and drinking. While your dogâs kidneys are designed to filter waste, bacteria can lessen kidney function over time.
The Causes Of Urinary Tract Problems In Cats
FLUTD is an acronym for feline lower urinary tract disease and is one of the most common urinary problems in cats.
The pain comes from the lower urethra and the bladder. There is a number of potential causes for urinary problems in cats to develop. As a cat owner, be cautious about these issues that your feline friends may develop.
Understand what may cause urinary problems in cats. This can help you better understand how to reduce the risk of your cat developing problems with their urinary tract.
Some of the common causes of urinary tract problems in cats include:
Natural Home Remedies For Cat Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infection in cats is very uncomfortable and, if left untreated, could lead to complete obstruction of the urethra and could even lead to rupturing of the bladder and failure of the kidney, which could be fatal. Therefore, you should be very careful and observant of your cats behavior. If she is showing the above-discussed signs of feline urinary tract infection, you should make a vet appointment, and until then, you could help her with the following home remedies for urinary tract infection in cats.
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Treatment Usually Involves Antibiotics And Pain Relief
Your veterinarian may use a catheter and syringe to draw urine from your cats bladder.
Treatment for a urinary tract infection in cats is generally an antibiotic and possibly anti-inflammatory medications and/or pain medications. Exactly which antibiotic is used for cat urinary tract infections depends on the type of bacteria present.
Since a urine culture and sensitivity test takes several days to run, your veterinarian may choose to start your cat on an antibiotic that is effective against the most common bacteria seen with urinary tract infections. If the urine culture shows the bacteria not sensitive to that antibiotic, your vet might switch your cats antibiotic if there has not been a good response to treatment.
Does My Cat Have A Urinary Tract Infection
Signs your cat may have a UTI.
If you’ve noticed your cat’s litter box habits have changed – fewer urine spots, spots of a different color, or lots of small spots, for instance – they may have a urinary tract infection . This can be a painful experience for your cat and stressful for you. Knowing the signs and symptoms, as well as how to help prevent UTIs, can make life more pleasant for all members of your household.
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Are Weak Legs A Cat Uti Symptom
Urinary tract infections and other forms of urinary tract disease will not paralyze or weaken your cats legs. However, some cats may take on an odd gait or hold their bodies differently due to the pain of FLUTD.
If the disease is left untreated for a day or more, your cat may feel extremely fatigued and might not be able to walk normally.
What Are The Symptoms Of Utis In Cats
Common symptoms of cat urinary tract infections or other bladder disorders include:
- Frequent urination, but only peeing small amounts at a time
- Urinating outside of the litter box
- Straining or inability to urinate
- Crying in pain while peeing
- Increased licking of the urinary opening
- Cloudy or bloody urine
- Drinking more water than usual
Make sure youre always watching out for changes in your cats peeing habits to stop a UTI in its tracks. And if you know that your cat has been diagnosed with bladder stones or has any other risk factors, its always a good idea to keep an extra eye on the litter box and your kittys toileting habits.
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Recovery Of Urinary Tract Infections In Cats
Your cats recovery will depend on the underlying cause of the infection. Generally, cats will start to show improvement within 2-3 days of treatment, if the case is not serious.
Always follow your vets treatment instructions. Be sure to provide clean water at all times. Encourage drinking where you can and ensure that litter boxes are clean. This can help reduce your cats stress and may speed up recovery.
Urinary tract infections can be expensive to treat. If you suspect your cat has a urinary tract infection or is at risk, start searching for pet insurance today. Brought to you by Pet Insurer, Wag! Wellness lets pet parents compare insurance plans from leading companies like PetPlan and Trupanion. Find the pawfect plan for your pet in just a few clicks!
How Is Kidney Disease Treated
While damage from acute kidney problems is more easily treated, damage to your dogâs organs from chronic kidney disease is irreversible unless caught early.
Since some damage is irreversible, preventative measures listed above are essential for your dog.
If kidney disease or kidney failure is diagnosed in your dog, treatment will depend on the severity of his condition. Your vet will begin by addressing issues related to underlying conditions like chemical poisoning, dehydration, or infection.
Your dogâs treatment plan may also include:
- Medicines that encourage production of urine
- Fluid therapy via an IV
- Addition of electrolytes to balance out blood levels
- Medicine to reduce vomiting
Signs & Symptoms Of Urinary Tract Infection In Cats
To catch a UTI early enough to prevent it from developing into a more serious health condition, its important to be aware of the signs and symptoms. Unlike human urinary tract infections, feline UTIs can be asymptomatic, so the infection may be discovered as a result of another medical issue.
If any of the following signs present themselves, contact your vet immediately:
Difficult / painful urination: If your cat cries out while urinating, or very little urine passes, a UTI may be the cause.
Incontinence: A UTI can cause temporary lack of bladder control.
Blood in the urine
Urinary blockage: This life-threatening condition occurs almost exclusively in males. If you see your cat anxiously going in and out of the litter box without producing much urine, call your veterinarian immediately .
Urinating outside the litter box: In some cases, a cat will urinate in other locations around the house.
Overly thirsty: If your cat begins drinking an excessive amount of water, its cause for concern.
Lethargy or listlessness
Excessive licking at the urethra and abdomen
Are Some Cats More Prone To Utis
Some cats, such as older cats and male cats, are more prone to urinary tract infections because of their longer, thinner urethras. Cats with diabetes can also develop UTIs more often than other cats because of their compromised immune systems. Diet comes into play because bladder stones can also cause UTIs a change in diet might be a simple solution to preventing bladder stones. If you notice any bladder issues, especially if accompanied by cat diarrhea or other signs of illness, you should contact your vet.
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Diagnosis Of A Urinary Infection In Cats
Diagnosis of a UTI is usually confirmed by a urinalysis. Collecting urine from a cat may be challenging. Owners can try replacing the normal litter with lentils, beans, or Styrofoam packaging peanuts these materials will not absorb the urine, which makes it easier to collect. In some cases, the vet may need to perform a cystocentesis, which consists of inserting a needle directly into the bladder to collect some urine.
What Should I Do If My Cat Hasnt Peed In 2 Days
Go to the vet immediately. Get off your computer, pack up the carrier, get in the car, and go.
A cat who hasnt urinated for 24 hours is at risk of becoming seriously ill. By that point, toxins in the bladder have started to seep into the rest of the body. By 48 hours, those toxins have been circulating for a long time, the bladder is excruciatingly full, and death is a very real possibility.
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Coconut Oil For Cat Urinary Tract Infection
There is not much research on the effectiveness of coconut oil for urinary tract infections in cats. But coconut oil does have numerous benefits for our feline friends. While it might not clear the UTI right away, it will help alleviate the pains associated with UTI in cats. However, you should keep in mind that APSCA has listed it as peoples food to avoid feeding your pets.
How Do I Know If My Cat Has A Uti
Is your cat straining to pee? Have you noticed blood in their urine? Are you asking yourself, “why is my cat peeing everywhere”? These are all signs your cat needs immediate veterinary attention.Your vet will likely examine your cat and obtain diagnostics to help determine what is causing the potential bladder problem. These tests may include a urine sample, x-ray and/or ultrasound images of your cats bladder. Tests may also be carried out to identify blood in urine. Since blood in your cat’s urine is not always easy to see, sometimes your vet will send home granules, such as Hematuria Detection Technology by Blucare, that can be mixed into the litter to help identify when blood is present.
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What Does Urinary Care Cat Food Do
There are a variety of urinary care cat foods on the market that aim to help cats with urinary problems. The foods typically contain added nutrients that help to support urinary health. For example, some foods may contain added cranberry or other ingredients that help to acidify the urine and reduce the risk of bladder stones. Other foods may contain added magnesium to help reduce the risk of urinary crystals.
Royal Canin Urinary SO is a specially formulated food designed to meet the needs of cats on a restricted diet. As minerals such as magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium are present in the formula, it is thought that it will prevent urinary crystallization and stone formation. The formula is also low in sugar, making it ideal for cats with diabetes or other chronic health conditions that necessitate a low-sugar diet. The Urinary SO is ideal for cats of all ages and weight because it can be administered by mouth with a feeding tube. If your cat is on a restricted diet and requires a lot of nutrition, it is an excellent choice for a healthy, satisfying urinary diet.
Blood In Cat Urine: 7 Common Causes
Urinary tract conditions are common in cats and can range from urinary tract infections to bladder and kidney stones. Cats who have had a urinary problem in the past are more likely to experience a recurrence in the future.
The presence of blood in a cats urine can be quite concerning for pet parents. There are a few different causes of blood-tinged urine in cats. Well look more closely at those causes and explain what steps you should take towards receiving a diagnosis and treatment plan.
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Causes For Urinary Tract Problems In Cats
As you probably know, there are different breeds of cats, each with their own traits. Just as diverse cats are in their characteristics, so are they in terms of diseases that they could develop. Urinary tract problems in cats are just one such example and urinary-related illnesses are rather common.
Urinary tract problems in cats can develop at any time in a cats life. Research suggests that these issues are most common among cats older than one year, but also younger than four years. The condition can affect cats of both genders. There does not seem to be a trend toward a specific gender.
Within the United States and the United Kingdom, up to 1% of cats display signs of urinary problems annually .
In this article:
- Causes of Urinary Tract Problems in Cats
- Symptoms of Urinary Tract Problems in Cats
- Prevention + Treatment for UTIs in Cats
- Final Thoughts: Urinary Tract Issues in Cats
My Cat Suddenly Began Going To The Litterbox Very Frequently A Sample Of Urine Revealed A Bladder Infection How Did This Happen
While urinary tract disorders are fairly common in cats, urinary tract infections are fairly uncommon. Cats with UTIs try to urinate very frequently, they may pass only small amounts of urine, they may strain to urinate, they may cry out or whine when urinating, and there may be blood visible in their urine. Urinating outside of the litterbox is also a red flag that something is wrong in the bladder. Finally, frequent licking around the rear end may signal that a UTI is present.
Generally, a UTI occurs when bacteria travel up the urethra and into the bladder. Urine in the bladder is supposed to be sterile, but once bacteria find their way to the bladder, the bacteria can grow and reproduce, causing the UTI. Some cats will develop bladder stones, with or without a UTI, and this opens the door for additional health issues.
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What Causes Urinary Tract Infections In Cats
Infection can occur when bacteria enter the bladder through the urethra, which is the tube that transports urine from the bladder outside the body.
Urinary tract infections are more common in older cats, female cats, and cats with diabetes, but any cat can develop a UTI. Urinary tract infections can also cause cystitis, which is inflammation of the bladder.
Some cats that develop bladder infections also have kidney stones or bladder stones. Also called uroliths, bladder stones form from minerals in the urine. Uroliths are solid and often feel like sand or small pebbles, though some can grow to an inch or more in diameter.
Bladder stones can cause a lot of inflammation and damage to the entire urinary tract. Both bladder stones and crystals in the urine can lead to a urethral obstruction, commonly referred to as a urinary blockage.
With a partial urinary blockage, the cat may only be able to urinate small amounts. A complete urinary blockage occurs when urine cannot pass through the urethra at all. Because the urine cannot pass through the urethra, it remains in the bladder, which expands painfully. When it cannot expand any more, the kidneys can no longer process urine, leading to a buildup of toxins in the blood.
This is an extremely dangerous medical emergency. Without prompt treatment, a blocked cat could die. Male cats are at higher risk of experiencing a urinary blockage because their urethra is both longer and narrower than a female cats urethra.
What To Do If You Suspect A Flutd
If your cat is having trouble urinating and displaying other signs of FLUTD, take her to the vet as soon as possible. Your vet will give her a physical exam and collect urine samples. Blood work, x-rays, and abdominal ultrasound may also be recommended for diagnosis.
Most cases of FLUTD improve without medical treatment, but the symptoms can recur. Though they may not be life-threatening to your cat, they can be uncomfortable, so treatment can improve her overall quality of life. While treatment of FLUTD depends on the underlying cause, it is always beneficial to increase your cats water intake. Maintaining a healthy weight, feeding her canned food and encouraging her to use her litter box can also help. However, certain conditions simply cannot be treated at home. Bacterial cystitis should be treated with antibiotics, while stones must be surgically removed.
Its always best to be safe. A simple phone call to your vet when you first notice any of the above symptoms can help diagnose a problem much sooner and save your cat a longer period of discomfort. Its also important to monitor your cat after being diagnosed with FLUTD during treatment to ensure that the problem doesnt reoccur as cats are good at hiding their pain.
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What Are The Causes Of Uti In Cats
Essentially, urinary tract infections in cats occur when bacteria reaches the bladder by traveling through the urethra of the cat. This is fairly uncommon and UTI in cats might be caused by an underlying disorder, such as Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease . UTI in cats should be treated by a veterinary professional. They can lead to bladder stones, kidney failure, and additional health disorders.