What Is A Urinary Tract Infection In Toddlers
A UTI is an infection in your childs urinary tract which includes their kidneys, the ureters that connect them to the bladder and the urethra where urine exits their body. Bacteria get into their urinary tract through the skin around their rectum and genitals or through the bloodstream from any part of their body .
Because it may not be obvious when a child has an infection, especially if theyre too young to voice their symptoms, UTIs in children sometimes go unnoticed. Urinary tract infections need to be treated immediately to prevent the infection from spreading and damaging the kidneys.
Water Is Your Best Friend
When you first notice burning when you use the restroom, its tempting to reduce your water intake. After all, that will prevent the pain, right?
It seems counter-intuitive, but you need to flush out your system. You should drink plenty of water to help your body remove the E. Coli. Dont overdo it, but drink as much water as possible in those crucial first 24 hours.
Haims Column: Antibiotics And Alternative Choices For Urinary Tract Infectionsyour Browser Indicates If You’ve Visited This Link
While this type of UTI typically occurs less frequently, the effects are usually more severe as bacteria has greater potential to enter the blood stream. Symptoms of an upper UTIcan … treatment of UTIs. Prevention â¢ Drink at least 6-8 glasses of water …
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Time To Question The Medical Advice To Drink Plenty Of Water
The authors of the case study point out that water intoxication, which can lead to hyponatremia, is a rare occurrence among people with normal physiology. If a patient has normal renal function, it is difficult to drink more water than the body can excrete.
However, if the levels of antidiuretic hormones are elevated, as is the case in some illnesses, this can reduce the excretion of water. In these cases, the authors ask, how sound is the medical advice to drink plenty of liquids?
The case of the 59-year-old woman is similar to a previously reported case, where a healthy young female drank too much water while experiencing gastroenteritis. As a result, she developed acute hyponatremia and died.
In both situations, the patients followed the doctors advice, although they overdid the recommended intake of water. As the authors point out:
Together these two cases highlight the importance of clear history taking, including a collateral, prompt investigation and correction of electrolyte imbalance and, also the need to qualify our advice regarding water consumption in simple infective illness.
They caution that there is an insufficient amount of research demonstrating the benefits of drinking more fluids during infectious illnesses. In fact, they cite a previous review that found no randomized controlled trials to provide definitive evidence of the benefits of such medical advice.
Sodium: A Balancing Act
When a person drinks too much water, he or she can develop a dangerous condition called hyponatremia, the doctors who treated the woman wrote in the report. Hyponatremia means that the levels of sodium, an important electrolyte, in a person’s blood are too low.
Normally, the salts in a person’s blood “are in a very delicate balance with each other to keep the water in your body in the right areas,” said Dr. Maryann Noronha, an emergency-medicine physician at the Royal London Hospital in England and the senior author of the report. Noronha and her colleague, Dr. Laura Lee, treated the patient.
“If the amount of sodium in your blood falls, this makes more dilute than other areas, meaning that water will be pulled out of your blood vessels into areas that are more concentrated as the body tries to balance things out again,” Noronha told Live Science.
“One of the areas most vulnerable to this is your brain, which can become swollen as water enters it in an effort to even out the sodium levels,” Noronha added. This swelling can lead to symptoms such as confusion and speech problems, according to the report. The condition can be deadly if it develops quickly and is not treated, Noronha said.
Noronha noted that she has seen many cases of hyponatremia in her 10 years of medical practice, so the condition was on her list of possible diagnoses for the woman. However, she also wanted to rule other dangerous conditions, such as a stroke, Noronha said.
Why Drinking Water Helps Prevent Urinary Tract Infections
A urinary tract infection is one of the most painful illnesses one can contract. Its also a very common problem, especially in women. More than 50% of all women will experience a UTI some time in their lives. Not only that, most of them will suffer recurrences. This article will talk about why simply drinking lots of fluids can be an effective prevention method.
If your family history includes UTIs, you may want to consider taking steps to help prevent possible infections. UTIs are highly hereditary, so if your parents, grandparents, or other relatives are prone to them, chances are that you probably are as well. Even if you are male, who statistically are much more unlikely to contract UTIs compared to women, you stand higher chance than other men to get a UTI if it runs in your family.
A simple but good way to prevent UTIs is to drink lots of fluids, particularly water. Each time you urinate, some bacteria that happen to be dwelling in your urethra or bladder get flushed out. Its not unusual for some bacteria to reach your urinary system, and most of the time they will cause no harm. Your immune system can manage their reproduction to a harmless level until they are expelled by urination. If you dont drink lots of water, you wont urinate as much and in turn let bacteria stay inside yourself too long.
Caveats: Is There A Risk Of Overhydration
The study did not address the effect of increasing water intake in women who do not have low-volume fluid intake. Case reports of overhydration emphasize the need to be cautious when making recommendations to hydrate. It is not known if physicians should screen for fluid intake at baseline to identify those who would be eligible for this intervention.
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Water Consumption And Bladder Cancer
The American Cancer Society states that those who drink a lot of fluids, especially water, each day tend to have lower rates of bladder cancer2. The theory is that drinking a lot of water allows your body to better break down harmful toxins and potential carcinogens and flush them out with bodily waste. Frequent water consumption also leads to frequent urination, giving potentially harmful cells less time in the body.
Drinks To Fight Uti Urinary Tract Infections
29 September, 2018
Urinary tract infections occurs when harmful microorganisms colonize your urinary tract. This includes your kidneys and bladder. In most cases, its caused by bacteria that manage to reach these organs through your urethra, although it can also originate within the kidneys themselves. Men can develop urinary tract infections to some extent, but women get them more frequently because their urethras are much shorter. An so, here we will explore those great drinks to fight UTI.
You can also get a UTI due to the presence of kidney stones, diabetes, and other more serious health conditions.
Although it typically manifests through the uncomfortable sensation of burning or pain, it can be accompanied by a fever, abdominal cramps, and changes in the urine.
Fortunately, while taking antibiotics, you can prepare some medicinal beverages that can help speed up your recovery process.
Find out what they are in this article.
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Forget The Cranberry Juice
Ward says that although many women drink cranberry juice at the first signs of a UTI, a better option is to increase water intake.
Multiple studies have evaluated whether consuming cranberry juice can prevent UTIs, she adds. While some of the initial studies suggested a benefit, there have since been multiple randomized trials showing no difference between cranberry juice and a placebo.
Ward says the acidity in cranberry juice may aggravate symptoms, and the juice often has a lot of sugar that doesnt provide a health benefit.
Interest in this topic remains in part because cranberry proanthocyanidins inhibit bacteria from adhering to the bladder lining. However, the appropriate dose and concentration of cranberry extract for a therapeutic benefit has not been determined, she said.
Currently, there are no high-quality data to support the use of cranberry products/extract for the prevention or treatment of urinary tract infections, she added.
However, Dr. G. Thomas Ruiz, OB-GYN lead at MemorialCare Orange Coast Medical Center in California, says for healthy people who dont have diabetes, cranberry juice or cranberry pills shouldnt pose much of a problem and may help prevent UTIs. He says, of course, keeping hydrated is helpful.
The study just confirms what we theoretically think is true, that dilution and purging of the bacteria ultimately treats the infection, she said.
Benefits Of Staying Hydrated
The benefits of water are seemingly infiniteit seems like theres nothing it cant do. Water helps your body to maintain homeostasis, keep a constant temperature, add lubrication to your joints, and remove any additional waste or toxins that are formed as byproducts from foods or drinks we consume. If you want to stay healthy, you need to stay hydrated. Some of the benefits of staying hydrated include:
- Maximized Performance
Kidney stones are extremely painful to pass and sometimes, even require surgery or doctor intervention. The more dehydrated you are, the worse this experience will be. Being properly hydrated helps the stones to pass more efficiently.
Your kidneys need water to function properly and efficiently expel waste products. While kidney failure can occur due to several reasons, dehydration plays a role in this deterioration. Being dehydrated can cause a reduction in your bodys metabolism and when the baseline reaches a certain level, your kidneys begin to weaken. This can cause the muscle tissues in your kidneys to slowly begin to break down unbeknownst to your knowledge. Without the proper care, this can cause full blown kidney failure. Symptoms of kidney failure include weakness, nausea, changes in urination, and more.
To avoid any problems with both your metabolism and the overall functioning of your kidneys, staying hydrated is absolutely essential.
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Myth: A Uti Can Go Away On Its Own
This is also a MYTH! Once a UTI has been established inside the bladder, it requires an antibiotic to make it go away. Completing a course of antibiotics prescribed by your doctor is the only way to cure a bladder infection or UTI.
If you leave a UTI untreated, it can sometimes cause a more severe infection. Most UTIs start in the urinary bladder and if untreated, they can ascend or go up the urinary tract into the kidneys. Kidney infections are harder to treat and significantly more serious because they can damage the kidneys if they occur repeatedly, and they can require hospitalization to cure.
Thats why recognizing the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection, and promptly treating them, can help prevent kidney infections. These signs and symptoms include urinary frequency, the urge to go more often, very strong urges, and burning or irritation or some other painful symptom associated with urinating.
How Are Utis Diagnosed
Only a health care provider can treat urinary tract infections. The first thing a doctor will do is confirm that a person has a UTI by taking a clean-catch urine specimen. At the doctor’s office, you’ll be asked to clean your genital area with disposable wipes and then pee into a sterile cup.
The sample may be used for a urinalysis or a urine culture . Knowing what bacteria are causing the infection can help your doctor choose the best treatment.
Pour Yourself A Cold One To Help Prevent Urinary Tract Infections
The study was funded by Danone Research, a company that sells Evian and other brands of bottled water. Danone supplied bottles of Evian used to provide the extra 1.5 l of water used by the women who drank more water. But Dr. Hooten said that water from a kitchen faucet would also help, as could potentially other beverages, such as coffee, tea, or juice.
Theres nothing magic about Evian to my knowledge, tap water would have same effect, he wrote in an email. Other fluids are likely also to be beneficial, though those with diuretic effects might require more fluid to have same effect.
What Causes A Urinary Tract Infection In Toddlers
Normal urine is sterile and contains fluids, salts and waste products. An infection occurs when microorganisms cling to the opening of the urethra and begin to multiply. Most infections arise from Escherichia coli bacteria that normally live in the digestive tract.
Different bacteria can cause a urinary tract infection. The seven most common bacteria include the following:
- Escherichia coli , found in about 85% of UTIs in children.
- Pain in the back or side .
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Wipe From Front To Back
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases , UTIs can develop when bacteria from the rectum or feces gain access to the urethra. This small channel allows urine to flow out of the body.
Once bacteria are in the urethra, they can travel up into other urinary tract organs, where they can lead to infections.
After urinating, wipe in a way that prevents bacteria from coming into contact with the genitals. Use separate pieces of toilet paper to wipe the genitals and anus.
Signs And Symptoms Of Cystitis
The main symptoms of cystitis include:
- pain, burning or stinging when you pee
- needing to pee more often and urgently than normal
- urine that’s dark, cloudy or strong smelling
- pain low down in your tummy
- feeling generally unwell, achy, sick and tired
Possible symptoms in young children include:
- pain in their tummy
- reduced appetite and vomiting
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Creating Stronger Strains Of Bacteria
Over time, some species of bacteria have become resistant to traditional antibiotics. According to some research , several species of E. coli, the primary cause of UTIs, are showing increasing drug resistance.
The more a person uses an antibiotic, the greater the risk of the bacteria developing resistance. This is even more likely when people do not follow a doctors instructions to complete the full prescribed course of treatment.
It is essential to continue a course of antibiotics until the end date that the doctor provides. People should also never share antibiotics with others.
Why Antibiotics Sometimes Dont Work
Most UTIs arent serious. But if left untreated, the infection can spread up to the kidneys and bloodstream and become life threatening. Kidney infections can lead to kidney damage and kidney scarring.
Symptoms of a UTI usually improve within 2 to 3 days after starting antibiotic therapy. Many doctors prescribe an antibiotic for at least 3 days.
While this type of medication is the standard treatment, researchers are noticing that antibiotic-resistant bacteria are reducing the effectiveness of some antibiotics in treating UTIs.
Some UTIs dont clear up after antibiotic therapy. When an antibiotic medication doesnt stop the bacteria from causing an infection, the bacteria continue to multiply.
The overuse or misuse of antibiotics is often the reason for antibiotic resistance. This can happen when the same antibiotic is prescribed over and over again for recurrent UTIs. Because of this risk, experts have been looking for ways to treat UTIs without antibiotics.
Some research has shown that UTIs can be treated without traditional antibiotics by targeting E. colis surface component for adhesion, FimH.
Typically, the urinary tract flushes away bacteria when you urinate. But according to researchers, FimH can cause E. coli to firmly attach to the cells in the urinary tract. And because of this tight grip, its hard for the body to naturally flush the bacteria from the urinary tract.
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Less Antibiotic Drugs Means Less Antibiotic Drug Resistance
Prevention of urinary tract infection may not be the only possible benefit of drinking more water. Additionally, the women who drank more water showed significantly fewer anti-microbial agents in their bodies, reflecting fewer drugs taken to treat UTIs and potentially a lower risk of developing drug resistance.
Antibiotic resistance a growing and serious worldwide problem, Hooten wrote. Antibiotic use for UTI can contribute to antibiotic resistance in other infections. Resistance is correlated with usage, so we need antibiotics-sparing modalities to prevent infections, to reduce overall antibiotic use and, ultimately, reduce antibiotic resistance.
How Do You Get A Bladder Infection Or Uti
UTIs happen when bacteria enters the urethra and spreads. Urinary tract infections are fairly common and can happen to anyone, but the following risk factors can increase your chances of getting one:
- The sex you’re assigned at birthpeople assigned female at birth have shorter urethras than those assigned male at birth, making it easier for bacteria to travel to the bladder and kidneys.
- Hormone changesmenopause, pregnancy, or just that time of the month can increase your risk of infection.
- Diaphragms and spermicidesthese forms of contraception can kill off good bacteria, increasing the bad bacteria which can find its way to the urethra.
- Genetic predispositionThats right! It could just be a genetic thing. Genetics play a role in the shape and size of your urinary tract making some individuals more prone to infections.
- Sexual activityPee as soon as possible after sex to prevent UTIs.
- Hygiene habitsBubble baths and scented feminine products might feel like self-care, but they can cause irritation that leads to UTIs. Also, always make sure youre wiping front to back!
- Chronic illnessIllness that causes changes to your immune system, like diabetes, can make you more prone to UTIs.
- Holding itNo need to be a hero. When you have to go to the bathroom, you should go.
- Not drinking enough waterAdd it to the list of reasons you should drink more water! Staying hydrated can help stave off infections.
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