In This Article We Are Going To Answer What Most People Ask When It Comes Questions About Sex And Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections are increasingly common, affecting millions of people around the world. Chances are, you have already suffered through its troubling symptoms. Some of these are abdominal pains, frequent and painful urination, and a combination of fever, nausea, and chills.
As though this long list of UTI symptoms is still not enough, it is also unfortunate that UTIs are associated with sexual activities.
What Are The Warning Signs Of A Urinary Tract Infection
Signs and Symptoms
- Pain, discomfort or a burning feeling when urinating
- Needing to urinate more often or in a hurry
- Urine that looks cloudy or has an unpleasant smell leaking urine
- Pain in the lower abdomen or back
- Only being able to pass a few drops of urine at a time
- Fever, confusion, nausea , vomiting.
Are Utis Dangerous To Health
Many UTIs clear up within a few days after being treated with antibiotics. But if a UTI is left untreated you risk running into more serious health complications. Complications include kidney infections and kidney damage, recurring urinary tract infections, and even sepsis.
UTIs are also more dangerous during pregnancy, when there is greater risk for a mother and baby. Its important to see or get in touch with your doctor right away If you have any symptoms of a UTI while pregnant.
If you would like to meet with a knowledgeable doctor, consider contacting Womens Health Arizona. As Arizonas largest ObGyn group, were trained and solely dedicated to delivering the best ObGyn experience in convenient and comfortable settings around Phoenix.
Also Check: Doterra Oils For Urinary Tract Infection
How Does Uropathogenic E Coli Cause A Uti
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli causes the most uncomplicated urinary tract infections in humans. Due to its prevalence as an ascending disease, UTIs have been suggested to be caused by flagellum-mediated motility, which allows UPEC to spread to the upper urinary tract.
Utis: The Most Common Cause
The most common cause of UTIs is Escherichia coli, which is also found in a variety of other bacteria. It is possible to become infected with E. coli in a number of ways. E. coli can enter the urinary tract via the urethra, for example. E. coli can also be transmitted through the urethra, which leads to a urinary tract infection. UTIs are a common side effect of antibiotic treatment. UTIs are diagnosed in about one in ten women over the course of their lives. E. coli is responsible for approximately half of all UTIs. E. coli can cause UTIs in a variety of ways.
Urinary Tract Infection Diet
- Increase intake of water to at least 8 glasses per day. This will help to flush out bacteria, and will reduce pain.
- Eat a light diet consisting of grains, some vegetables, and specific drinks such as cranberry juice.
- Eliminate bladder irritants such as coffee, black tea, and especially alcohol.
- Discontinue all intake of foods high in sugar including sweet vegetables and fruits, sugar, honey.
- Chocolate is a major bladder irritant. Avoid sugary foods like the plague!
- Careful of these foods: Figs, brewers yeast, raisins, avocado, soy sauce, grapes, fava beans, corned beef, nuts, hard cheese, chocolate, apples, peaches, pineapple, cantaloupe, citrus, pickled herring, bananas, yogurt, beer, wine, vinegar, mayonnaise, sour cream, guavas/nectarines.
- Include celery , parsley, and watermelon in your diet.
- Avoid citrus fruits as they produce an alkaline urine that may encourage bacterial growth. Increasing the acid levels inhibits bacterial growth.
You May Like: Azo Urinary Pain Relief Maximum Strength
Also Check: Purina Pro Plan Urinary Vs Purina One Urinary
Why What You Thought About Utis And Sex Is Probably Wrong
Weve all heard the jokes about contracting a urinary tract infection after having sex. Sure, they can be funny, but theyre actually perpetuating a myth that many of us have believed our entire lives: As soon as you are sexually active, here come the UTIs.
Its not a complete myth: increased sexual activity is in fact one of the top reasons women contract UTIs. In fact, UTIs were regularly referred to as honeymoon cystitis another name for a bladder infection because of how often they occur after honeymoons where women are having sex more frequently.
But what isnt true is that sexual activity itself directly causes a UTI, or that theres a 100 percent chance youll contract one. Theres no research that support either claim.
Whats actually happening is that when you have sex, bacteria on the skin is pushed into the urethra and travels into the bladder, causing a UTI. Because the female urethra is short , women are more prone to these infections than men. There are two other factors that may increase your chances of a post-coital infection: you simply happen to be more prone to UTIs, or you dont have a strong enough urine stream to flush the bacteria out of the bladder.
While contracting a UTI is generally out of your control, there are certain measures you can take before and after sex to reduce your risk:
*Data from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
What Is The Main Cause Of Utis
A urinary tract infection is an infection in the urinary system. The urinary system is made up of the kidney, ureters , bladder and urethra .Most UTIs are caused by E. coli bacteria , usually from the bowel.These bacteria are normal and healthy in the bowel but when they move across to the urinary system, this can result in an infection.
Don’t Miss: Can Low Estrogen Cause Urinary Incontinence
Truth: Being Female Is The Biggest Risk Factor For Utis
UTIs generally are caused by bacteria that live in the colon, especially the rectum. The short length of the female urethra places its opening close to bacterial reservoirs , making women more vulnerable to infection.
In truth, being female is simply the strongest risk factor for UTIs, says Dr. Dielubanza.
Men are not immune to UTIs, but they are less likely to have them. This is because their longer urethras present a challenge to bacteria entry. However, as men age and begin to empty their bladders less efficiently due to prostate enlargement, urinary tract infections can become more common.
A trigger for UTIs in both men and women is use of any medical instrument near the urethra, including a catheter to drain urine.
How To Prevent Utis When Youre Sexually Active
You don’t have to stop having sex to prevent UTIs. Here are some steps you can take to minimize bacteria buildup and reduce your risk of getting UTIs from sex.
- Urinate before sex and promptly after. This will flush your system and keep bacteria that has entered your urinary tract from gaining a foothold.
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water, then have an extra glass after intercourse. This will help rid your urinary tract of unwanted bacteria.
- Use a vaginal lubricant. Friction during sex can irritate the urethra.
- Consider a new form of birth control. If youre prone to UTIs, you may want to avoid using a diaphragm or spermicide as your form of pregnancy prevention. These can introduce bacteria into the area and can kill off healthy bacteria that keep the problem germs in check.
Recommended Reading: Medicine For Cats With Urinary Tract Infection
How Do Epithelial Cells Fight Infection
epithelial cells can produce mucus, antimicrobial peptide production, mucociliary clearance, and phagocytosis, all of which play a role in their ability to function as antibacterial cells.
epithelial cells on the mucosal surface, as opposed to those lining the inside of the body, are selectively permeable, immunologically tolerant, and alert the body of invaders who are present in the body. Aside from maintaining homeostasis, the epithelial barrier also plays a role in the development of infection-fighting mechanisms, such as food-borne pathogens entering the body through the mucosa. Physically, mucus protects pathogens from being physically attacked by preventing them from evading. Activating NF-B inflammatory signals, as well as secreting cytokines and chemokines, to promote downstream immune cell recruitment. This Research Topic will cover the fundamentals of epithelial and innate immune cell interaction during infection, as well as the role of epithelial cells. epithelial cells play a role in instructing and amplifying the response to infections. Because of the tolerogenic immune balance between tissue and commensal flora, it is critical to understand how pathogens cause damage to the mucosa and to the commensal flora.
Uti Symptoms In Women
In most cases, youll never have to wonder if you have a UTI. Thats because the signs of a urinary tract infection are typically apparent and may include:
- Persistent urge to pee
- Sometimes passing only a couple of drops of urine despite a feeling of urgency to pee
In some cases, you may experience asymptomatic bacteriuria, which occurs when bacteria is present in your urine but no symptoms of a UTI appear. The only indication may be an increased urge to pee. A simple urine test will be able to diagnose this condition. Make sure to attend your annual doctor visits to prevent asymptomatic bacteriuria from going undetected and causing complications.
If You Have a UTI, Consult A DoctorCall to Schedule an Appointment
Also Check: Over The Counter Bladder Medication
Also Check: Meds For Urinary Tract Infection Over The Counter
And It Wont Hurt To Try These
Like many women, you may have memorized the following age-old advice for preventing UTIs:
Wipe from front to back.
Urinate before and after sex.
Drink lots of water.
Avoid tight underpants and jeans.
These suggestions are directed at flushing the bladder and keeping E. coli from spreading into the urinary tract. Although studies have failed to show that they prevent either primary or recurrent UTIs, theres no harm in trying them, Dr. Gupta says. They cant hurt, and if they help, youre ahead of the game.
Also Check: I Have A Weak Bladder Help
Antibiotics Didnt Stop The Utis After Sex
I was blasting through UTI after UTI and countless courses of antibiotics, resulting in an eventual prescription for prophylactic antibiotics to be taken twice a day for two months, just in case
During this year of my life they came in blood splattered, painful waves as I went from after hours doctor to after hours doctor, trying to work out WTF was going on!?
I never presented any UTI symptoms when I actually saw my regular doctor which resulted in every urine culture test coming back negative.
This was probably due to the fact that the testing lab was only open during normal business hours by which time I had already taken antibiotics.
UTIs after sex prevention tip 3: If you are likely to need to provide a urine sample, try not to take antibiotics first, as they can render your urine sterile . You can either keep a sterile container at home or choose to grit your teeth and wait it out until you can get to a doctor.
Now I know how inaccurate urine tests can be. I would have pushed for better testing had I known then.
My own doctor assured me that women just got them.
I became that person Googling and Googling, and trying absolutely EVERYTHING. Spoonfuls of cream of tartar, tea made from cornsilk, cranberries coming out my wazoo and nothing No relief, no end in sight, just stress, while the weight dropped off me.
Don’t Miss: How To Control Urinary Frequency
How Long Does It Take To Get A Uti After Sex
There is no standard time to know you have a urinary tract infection after sex. However, data shows that UTI symptoms most often begin about two days after having sexual intercourse, although the infection can start 6 hours after the last sexual encounter. Some people can develop recurrent UTIs because of sex.
Can I Have Sex With A Uti
Yes, however, there are several dangers of having sex when a person has a UTI. If the person has symptoms, having sex can cause pain and irritate a sensitive urethra.
However, UTIs are not sexually transmitted and are not contagious. People with a UTI and no sexual infections will not pass on a UTI to their partner. Therefore, the sexual partners of a person with a UTI will not need treatment.
Also, any genital contact can introduce bacteria into the urethra, with or without a condom or penetration. Therefore, avoiding all forms of sex makes sense until the symptoms are gone to prevent UTI complications.
In addition, doing so minimizes the risk of exposing your partner to infection or recurrence of urinary tract infection. Likewise, sex can slow the healing process.
Recommended Reading: 2 Year Old Urinary Tract Infection
Some Myth Some Truth: Sexual Activity
Sexual intercourse indeed can be a strong trigger for a UTI, as can any activity that has the potential for putting infection-causing bacteria near the urethra.
Your partners anatomy can act as a ladder for infection of the urethra with bacteria that usually live in the bowel, said Dr. Dielubanza.
Use of spermicides with or without barrier contraceptives has been shown to increase the risk of urinary tract infections in sexually active women. Women may consider an alternative contraceptive regimen if they experience UTIs after intercourse.
Myth: A Long Course Of Antibiotics Is Best
Typically, antibiotics are prescribed for 3 to 5 days for symptoms confined to the lower urinary tract in patients who have no fever, flank pain or flu-like symptoms.
Longer courses do not increase the likelihood of clearing the infection, said Dr. Dielubanza. But they do increase the risk of antibiotic resistance, increase the risk of yeast infections, and increase the risk of infectious forms of diarrhea.
A longer course may be required for someone who has more severe symptoms of an infection or if the infection is in the bladder. Always follow all instructions and take antibiotics for the number of days prescribed.
Read Also: How To Reverse Urinary Retention
If You Have Sex With Uti:
If sex is in your mind, and your body cant resist, then there are few precautions you must consider.
a) Pee after and before sex:
Though it sounds less romantic and tedious, it is necessary to flush down all the bacteria as soon as the deed is done. Heading to the loo after and before sex is a great way to keep the bacteria away from entering the urethra.
b) Wash after sex:
c) Listen to your body:
While having sex, if you get the sudden urge to pee, then dont hold it. Take a break and rush to the loo the immediate hold to the pee may also enhance the possibility of acquiring an infection or allows the bacteria to travel closer to the vaginal opening.
d) Dont swap cranny:
Read Also: How Long Does Urinary Tract Infection Last Without Medication
Can Sex Cause Uti
Yes, you can get UTI because of sex. Again, you don’t need to get a UTI every time you have sex. However, it doesn’t spread from person to person like sexually transmitted diseases.
As we said earlier, the bacteria get transferred from the urethra. This spreads while touching the genitalia while having sex, especially without cleaning the hands before that.
UTI during sex can also spread from sex toys if one doesn’t clean them regularly.
If you have a concern that can unprotected sex cause UTI, well, the answer is yes. Unprotected sex can be harmful. It can affect your body in multiple ways, be it STIs or UTIs. It is advisable to use protection so that there is no direct contact of genitalia with bacteria’s.
Also Check: Can Sugar Cause Urinary Tract Infections
Treatment Of Uti Symptoms
If you do feel a UTI coming on, play it smart and get help fast! UTI symptoms include a more frequent urge to pee, burning while you pee and cloudy, strong smelling and even bloody pee.9 You should see a doctor as soon as possible but in the meantime, dont panic! AZO Girl is here and Ive got a solution for you. AZO Urinary Tract Defense® helps control the progression of a UTI at the first sign of the infection and until you can get that appointment!
Research And Statistics: How Many People Get Interstitial Cystitis
Historically, interstitial cystitis was considered to be a womens issue that affected a small number of people. But the RAND Interstitial Cystitis Epidemiology Study the largest study of its kind on IC revealed that the condition affects 3 to 8 million women in the United States.
Between 1 and 4 million men in the United States may also have IC, according to the Interstitial Cystitis Association. In fact, the number of men may be even higher than this, because men may be misdiagnosed with a different condition, such as chronic prostatitis.
Read Also: Urinary Tract Infection Blood Test
Don’t Miss: Sulfa For Urinary Tract Infection
Prognosis Of Interstitial Cystitis
Interstitial cystitis may come and go on its own, even for extended periods of time. But in some people, meaningful relief from symptoms will occur only with treatment.
Symptom relief may not occur right away with treatment, and it may take several attempts to find a treatment strategy that works for you. But most people with IC eventually achieve significant relief and can live a normal life.
What Causes A Uti
As their name suggests, urinary tract infections are infections that affect the urinary system, which includes your urethra , bladder, ureters, and kidneys. Symptoms of a UTI can vary in presentation and severity depending on which organs of the urinary system have become infected.
According to the Mayo Clinic, most UTIs are limited to the bladder and cause symptoms that are uncomfortable but mild. But the infection can spread to your kidneys, causing a condition called acute pyelonephritis which can have more serious consequences.
Women typically have a higher risk of developing UTIs, since their urethra is much shorter than the male urethra. This means that the bacteria that cause UTIs have to travel a shorter distance before reaching the bladder and causing an infection . However, men can also develop UTIs.
According to the NHS, most UTIs are caused by the bacteria that typically live in your anorectal area, such as E. coli. Risk factors for urinary tract infections can include:
- Anatomical abnormalities
Also Check: Best Natural Cure For Bladder Infection
Don’t Miss: Will Cranberry Juice Help A Urinary Tract Infection