Tuesday, May 21, 2024

What Could Cause A Urinary Tract Infection

Must read

A Urinary Tract Infection Can Spread To Other Parts Of The Body

Urinary Tract Infection – Overview (signs and symptoms, pathophysiology, causes and treatment)

First, a little primer on how UTIs happen: Bacteria gets into the urinary system, which includes the kidneys and the bladder. This typically happens through the urethra . The bacteria then begins to multiply once in the system, according to the Mayo Clinic.

The infection is most often seen or located in the bladder, but it can happen in any part of the urinary tract.

In some cases particularly if left untreated the infection can spread to the kidneys or other parts of the body, and sometimes make its way into the bloodstream. Complications from this can include permanent kidney damage. It can also lead to sepsis, a potentially life-threatening complication. As part of the process of responding to an infection, the body releases chemicals into the blood stream to fight it off. Sepsis can occur when the bodys response to those chemicals becomes out of balance, according to the Mayo Clinic. This can result in damage to your organs.

Why The Elderly Are Vulnerable To Uti

Studies have found that as both women and men age, their chances of getting UTI increases dramatically. UTI is the most commonly diagnosed infection in long-term care facilities and they account for more than 33% of all nursing home-related infections. Elderly women become especially susceptible to UTI. 10% of women older than 65 have reported having UTI in the past 12 months, and that rate jumps to nearly 30% for women older than 85.

Seniors are more vulnerable to UTI for many reasons. The human immune system naturally weakens as it ages. Because the elderly are more prone to develop other illnesses as they grow older, their immune systems are further weakened by multiple conditions with which they struggle. So, when fungi or bacteria enter the urethra of older adults, their immune systems are less likely to fight them off and prevent infection.

In addition to their increased susceptibility to infection, older adults may experience a decreased ability to properly care for themselves. Decreases in their cognitive abilities and energy levels may result in poor hygiene and improper self-care. They may even lose their ability to communicate their care needs to their loved ones and caregivers. As a result, their care needs may go unnoticed until an infection has already taken hold.

How Serious Are Urinary Tract Infections

Some people may find themselves particularly prone to UTIs. Upper urinary tract infections are the more serious of the two. In this case the bacteria have managed to reach the tubes connecting the bladder to the kidneys. If the bacterial infection reaches the kidneys the problem becomes serious and hospital treatment may be needed.

Read Also: Does Urinary Tract Infection Cause Bleeding

Also Check: Can Chemotherapy Cause Urinary Incontinence

When Should I Be Concerned About Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain may be serious if your symptoms developed suddenly or if the discomfort is severe. If you have pelvic pain that lasts for more than two weeks, schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Pelvic pain can be concerning and because itâs a symptom of so many conditions, it can be particularly frustrating. Your healthcare provider can help determine the cause of your pelvic pain so you can receive the treatment you need to feel better.

Increased Risk After Acute Infections

Diagnosis Coding for Urinary Tract Infections in ICD

Out of millions of medical records, Smeeths team found more than 7,200 people who had DVTs and more than 3,700 who had pulmonary embolism. DVT risk was about twice as high after either acute infection, the study shows.

Pulmonary embolism risk also doubled after acute urinary tract infection. Due to the risk of misdiagnosis, the researchers didnt estimate pulmonary embolism risk after acute respiratory tract infection.

DVT and pulmonary embolism risk was highest in the first two weeks after acute infection. The risk fell back to normal after a year, the study shows. Of course, the results dont mean that everyone with acute infections will get DVT or pulmonary embolism.

The researchers dont know exactly what caused the patients DVT or pulmonary embolism. They write that patients possibly got more medical care while recovering from acute infection, giving doctors more chance to spot DVT and pulmonary embolism.

Immobility raises DVT risk. But most infections werent rough enough to prompt long periods of bed rest, write Smeeth and colleagues. They say the next step is to figure out how acute infections raise DVT and pulmonary embolism risk.

Show Sources

You May Like: Urinary Tract Infection Antibiotic Macrobid

How Do I Know If My Child Has A Urinary Tract Infection

UTIs are sometimes hard to diagnose in babies and young children, because they canât tell us how theyâre feeling. Therefore, urine should be tested in a baby or a young child who has an unexplained fever for three days. A UTI may be the cause of the fever. Fever might be the only symptom in a baby with pyelonephritis.

An older child might be able to tell you that it hurts to urinate. Children who have a sudden need to urinate and who hold themselves or squat to keep from urinating might have a UTI. If your child has a kidney infection, you may be able to tell that he or she is sick. Your child may act tired, or have a fever, or have nausea and vomiting.

Of course, babies and children can get a fever from many other illnesses, such as colds, ear infections and the flu. Also, other things can cause pain with urination or loss of urine control. Irritation at the opening of the urethra may cause pain with urination. Bubble baths can irritate the tender skin around the urethra and make urination hurt. Dirty diapers or underpants can irritate the skin around the genital area and cause pain. .

If you think your child has a UTI, call your doctor.

Whats The Difference Between A Urinary Tract Infection And Bladder Infection

A urinary tract infection is a more general type of infection. There are many parts of your urinary tract. A UTI is a term for an infection that takes place throughout the urinary tract. A bladder infection, also called cystitis, is a specific infection. In this infection, bacteria makes its way into the bladder and causes inflammation.

Not all urinary tract infections become bladder infections. Preventing the spread of the infection is one of the most important reasons to treat a UTI quickly when you have symptoms. The infection can spread not only to the bladder, but also into your kidneys, which is a more complicated type of infection than a UTI.

Also Check: Daytime Urinary Incontinence In Child

Can Pelvic Pain Be Prevented

Pelvic pain canât always be prevented. However, incorporating these recommendations into your daily life can help reduce your risk:

  • Donât overuse. Limit activities that require you to stand or walk for long periods of time.
  • Eat more fiber. This is particularly helpful if your pelvic pain is due to diverticulitis.
  • Exercise regularly. Staying physically active helps keep your joints and muscles in good condition.
  • Stretch your muscles. Warm up before exercising to help reduce the risk of pelvic pain.
  • Visit your healthcare provider regularly. Routine examinations can help your medical team detect issues early on before they worsen.

The Importance Of Antibiotics For Septic Arthritis

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) Overview | Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

If you have septic arthritis, you will need antibiotics as soon as you begin to feel ill. If you are suffering from an infection, antibiotics will help you stop it from spreading and causing damage to your joints. If you dont get antibiotics as soon as possible, your joint may begin to hurt more and even become infected.

Recommended Reading: Severe Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms In Elderly

Our Final Thoughts On If You Can Get A Uti From A Swimming Pool

So, when it comes to wondering if you can get a UTI from a pool, its important to know that although swimming in swimming pools can cause a UTI, it is more likely because of the bacteria growth from your swimming costume or chlorine water if you do not rinse it off thoroughly.

Although you cant spread UTIs, it is best to stay rested until it has cleared up before you go swimming again!

As with anything medically-related, always consult with your doctor on what is best for you in regards to the proper treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections.

You May Like: How To Get Rid Of A Urinary Tract Infection

Can Kidney Problems Cause Diarrhea

Normally, kidney stones cause symptoms such as pressure and pain in your lower back, fever, frequent urination, discomfort urinating, and bloody or discoloured urine. However, sometimes kidney stones can cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and stomach discomfort.

Also Check: Does Azo Urinary Pain Relief Work

Read Also: Causes Of Urinary Frequency And Urgency In Females

How Can I Treat Pelvic Pain At Home

If you suffer from chronic pelvic pain, there are a few things you can do to ease symptoms at home. For example:

  • Take over-the-counter pain relievers. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen or naproxen sodium can help reduce swelling that leads to pelvic pain. Acetaminophen can also ease painful symptoms.
  • Make time for exercise. Even though you may not feel like moving, exercise helps increase blood flow and may help reduce your discomfort.
  • Apply heat. Place a heating pad or warm compress over the area, or take a long soak in a hot bath.
  • Stop smoking. Tobacco products can inflame nerves and cause pain. Avoiding these habits can help relieve pain.
  • Take supplements. If your pelvic pain symptoms are due to vitamin or mineral deficiency, supplements could help soothe your discomfort. Talk to your healthcare provider before incorporating supplements into your daily routine.
  • Practice relaxation exercises. Yoga, mindfulness or meditation can help reduce stress and tension. As a result, chronic pain may be eased.

Causes Of Diarrhea And Uti

MyDoctorfinder MyDoctorFinder

It is important to note that diarrhea is a symptom that is usually separate from a UTI. Diarrhea may occur for various reasons, both infectious and non-infectious. UTIs are infections that affect the urinary tract, namely the urethra and bladder but sometimes extending all the way up the ureter to the kidney.

Read more on signs of UTIs.

Also Check: Augmentin For Urinary Tract Infection

Questions To Ask Your Doctor

  • Do I need any tests, such as urinalysis?
  • What is the likely cause of my urinary tract infection ?
  • Do I need medicine? How should I take it?
  • What are the possible side effects of the medicine?
  • When should I expect relief from my symptoms?
  • What symptoms would indicate that my infection is getting worse? What should I do if I experience these symptoms?
  • I get UTIs a lot. What can I do to prevent them?
  • Do I need preventive antibiotics? If so, should I be concerned about antibiotic resistance?
  • My child gets UTIs a lot. Could an anatomical problem be causing his or her UTIs?

Check If Its A Urinary Tract Infection

Symptoms of a UTI may include:

  • pain or a burning sensation when peeing
  • needing to pee more often than usual during the night
  • pee that looks cloudy
  • needing to pee suddenly or more urgently than usual
  • needing to pee more often than usual
  • lower tummy pain or pain in your back, just under the ribs
  • a high temperature, or feeling hot and shivery
  • a very low temperature below 36C

You May Like: O Shot For Urinary Incontinence

What Are The Symptoms Of Endocarditis

The symptoms of endocarditis arent always severe, and they may develop slowly over time. In the early stages of endocarditis, the symptoms are similar to many other illnesses. This is why many cases go undiagnosed.

Many of the symptoms are similar to cases of the flu or other infections, such as pneumonia. However, some people experience severe symptoms that appear suddenly. These symptoms may be due to inflammation or the associated damage it causes.

Common symptoms of endocarditis include:

  • heart murmur, which is an abnormal heart sound of turbulent blood flow through the heart

Changes in the skin may also occur, including:

  • tender red or purple spots below the skin of fingers or toes
  • tiny red or purple spots from blood cells that leaked out of ruptured capillary vessels, which usually appear on the whites of the eyes, inside the cheeks, on the roof of the mouth, or on the chest

The signs and symptoms of infectious endocarditis vary greatly from person to person. They can change over time, and they depend on the cause of your infection, heart health, and how long the infection has been present. If you have a history of heart problems, heart surgery, or prior endocarditis, you should contact your doctor immediately if you have any of these symptoms. Its especially important to contact your doctor if you have a constant fever that will not break or youre unusually tired and dont know why.

Uti Tests And Diagnosis

Urinary Tract Infections, Animation.

If you suspect that you have a urinary tract infection, go to the doctor. You’ll give a urine sample to test for UTI-causing bacteria.

If you get frequent UTIs and your doctor suspects a problem in your urinary tract, they might take a closer look with an ultrasound, a CT scan, or an MRI scan. They might also use a long, flexible tube called a cystoscope to look inside your urethra and bladder.

Read Also: Bard Urinary Drainage Bag With Anti Reflux Dome

Lower Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms

Common symptoms of a lower urinary tract infection include:

  • Frequent and urgent need to urinate
  • Burning or painful sensation while urinating
  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Urine that is bloody and/or cloudy in color
  • Lower abdominal pain

Good to know: Lower urinary tract infections present similar symptoms in both men and women. However, men may also experience rectal pain, while women may experience pelvic pain.

Can A Uti Cause Hip Pain

A uti can cause hip pain because the infection can spread to the joints. The hip is a common site of infection because it is close to the bladder and urethra. The infection can cause inflammation and pain in the hip joint.

Foreign bacteria can enter one or more parts of the urinary system, resulting in a urinary tract infection or UTI. Pain is the most common sign of an ailment during urination. An upper urinary tract infection can cause severe back pain as the infection progresses to the kidneys. You may also experience frequent urination and blood in urine as another serious sign. UTIs can affect both men and women at any age, though they are more common in women. Low UTIs can be treated by drinking water and juice, respectively. It is recommended that you take an antibiotic course for a lower UTI for 3-7 days. When there is a serious infection in the upper body, IV antibiotics are required.

Also Check: Cll And Urinary Tract Infections

About The Urinary Tract

The urinary tract is where our bodies make and get rid of urine. It’s made up of:

  • the kidneys two bean-shaped organs, about the size of your fists, that make urine out of waste materials from the blood
  • the ureters tubes that run from the kidney to the bladder
  • the bladder where urine is stored until we go to the toilet
  • the urethra the tube from the bladder through which urine leaves the body

How Can I Prevent Utis

Kidney Cystitis

If you have repeated UTIs, try these self-help measures to prevent recurring infections:

  • Drink more fluids to help flush out bacteria.
  • Urinate as soon as you feel the need.
  • Urinate immediately after intercourse.
  • Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting pants.
  • Find an alternative method of birth control if you use spermicides.
  • Dont use perfumed soaps, talcum powder or deodorant around the genital area.
  • Avoid constipation.
  • Use lubricant gel with intercourse if the vaginal area is dry.

There is conflicting evidence for drinking cranberry juice to prevent UTIs. If you want to try cranberry products, ask your doctor for advice.

If infections are an ongoing problem, you may need to be referred to an urologist for further treatment.

Don’t Miss: Urinary Incontinence Devices For Women

Causes Of Uti That You May Not Be Aware Of

  • Posted On: Jan 15, 2019

Urinary tract infections are the worst. Between the burning, pain, and frequent urge to urinate, the signs and symptoms of UTIs are miserable. Certain factors increase your risk of developing a urinary tract infection, but some of them may surprise you. Here are a few reasons that UTIs can develop and how to prevent them in the first place.

What Are The Causes Of Uti In Children

Urinary tract infections or UTIs are fairly prevalent in babies and children. UTI is the second most common type of infection in children, right behind ear infections. By the age of 6, up to 7 percent of girls and up to 2 percent of boys will have had a urinary tract infection.

During babyhood, boys are more likely to develop a urinary tract infection or UTI than girls. After infancy, however, the tables turn and girls are much more apt to be diagnosed with a UTI. What causes a urinary tract infection in a child is the same as what causes them in adults, which is bacteria, enter the bladder and multiply.

Bacteria enter the urethra and creep upward into the bladder to spur a UTI. For children, bacteria can get there a few different ways

  • Lingering in wet underwear
  • Wiping from back to front
  • Holding urine too long
  • Not drinking enough fluids, which can make it so your child isnt producing enough urine to flush away bacteria
  • Frequent bouts of diarrhoea
  • Severe constipation can also hinder a child from normally passing urine

Some children can have a predisposition to UTI, putting them at a greater risk of infection. In young children, these factors include:

Recommended Reading: Best Vitamins For Urinary Tract

More articles

Popular Articles